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Uploaded on Oct 7, 2014
Recorded: May 5, 1983
In this lecture, former Motorola and Fairchild executive Lester Hogan tells his version of the history of the microchip from its infancy and birth, which he describes as the invention of the point-contact transistor at Bell Labs on December 23, 1947. Hogan details how William Shockley quickly realized the potential of Bell Labs’ discovery and within weeks he had written the seminal paper on the PN-junction transistor. He describes the ensuing tidal wave of resources poured into the industry, and also the obstacles these resources were intended to overcome throughout the 1950s. Hogan talks about the major corporate players in the semiconductor industry in the 1950s and 1960s, and why some succeeded and some failed. State-of-the-art manufacturing techniques are analyzed, and Hogan concludes the lecture with prognostications about the semiconductor industry’s future from his vantage point in 1983.