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Uploaded on Oct 15, 2014
Recorded: October 21, 1982
Herbert Grosch, schooled as an astronomer, was brought into the IBM Watson Scientific Laboratory on 116th Street in Manhattan in 1945. Grosch covers the lab's development of scientific applications for early electronic computers, with a focus on the roles played by Wallace Eckert and IBM Chairman Thomas Watson, Sr. The Lab's early computers were used for everything from astronomical calculation to military applications. Doctor Grosch discusses the Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator (SSEC, 1947), as well as the Naval Ordinance Research Calculator (NORC, 1954), and the IBM Defense Calculator (later called the IBM 701, 1952). Grosch left the Scientific Lab in 1950, joining MIT to work with Whirlwind, while the lab changed focus to work on more 'hard science' applications and less computational research.