The Finger Lakes CleanWaters Symposium - PART SEVEN: Binghamton Mayor, Matthew T. Ryan and Dr. Walid S. Hammoud, general surgeon, President of the Broome County Medical Society, introduce Ron Bishop, lecturer in chemistry at SUNY Oneonta, who speaks about hydrofracking in the Marcellus Shale at the Symposium in Binghamton, NY, June 4th, 2011. This video is PART SEVEN in a series of 10 videos from the conference.
This is an excellent powerpoint presentation addressing the why and how of the unconventional gas drilling technique known as high-volume, slick-water, hydrofracturing. Bishop holds a B.A. in Chemistry from Youngstown State University and a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from The West Virgina University School of Medicine. In his 17 years of full-time research, his projects were related to cancer and biosafety.
For the last 11 years, Bishop has taught a variety of courses (biology,
genetics, general and organic chemistry, biochemistry and environmental
sciences) in high schools and colleges. He currently teaches in the Chemistry
& Biochemistry Department at SUNY Oneonta, and is nationally certified in
chemical hazards management.
Below is a text copy of the power point presentations:
Natural Gas Development
Ronald E. Bishop, Ph.D., CHO
This region was the deepest part of an inland sea.
Oil and Gas Reservoirs
Difference Between Vertical And Horizontal Wells
Sketch of Natural Gas Well Cementing: Best Practice
Naturally Occurring Reservoir Components Organic carbon: gas and/or oil Toxic metals Brine Radioactive elements Hydrogen sulfide
Without any chemical additives, "produced fluids" tend to be hazardous materials.
Loads of salt, some toxic elements
Gases: radon and hydrogen sulfide along with natural gas
Need for Additives Water causes shale rock to swell. Biofilms must be prevented. Corrosion is a real threat. Responses: biocides, surfactants, flocculants, corrosion inhibitors, proppants, other chemical conditioners.
Chemical Issues Over 200 different chemical products More than three-fourths are health hazards: respiratory diseases endocrine diseases infertility and birth defects kidney, heart, liver, brain damage cancer
Chemicals of Special Concern Barium Lead Arsenic Benzene 2-butoxyethanol (2-BE) Bromide Chromium Hydrogen Sulfide 4-Nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO)
DEC 2008: estimated 57,000
DEC 2009: more newly discovered than plugged
Erosion and Fragmentation Sediment from 1 well pad and access road: 8 tons per year Habitat fragmentation from access roads:
All-Weather Access Roads
Murphy's Law valves erode & break down, Pit liners tear, pits overflow, tanks leak, trucks crash, liquids are spilled, people make mistakes Pit Problems
Top-hole drilling with air, no biocides used:
Microbes brought up into ground water
Chemistry & Biochemistry
email@example.com Overlap of Marcellus and Utica "Fairways"