Vitamins and minerals are important nutrients needed for healthy growth and development throughout life. With only a few exceptions, our bodies cannot create our own vitamins or minerals, meaning that we must get them through our diet and/or supplements to meet daily requirements and maintain our health.
What do they do?
Vitamins and minerals support the healthy development and maintenance of all the tissues in our bodies, including cell membranes, bones, teeth, skin, hair, nails, and muscles. They are essential to support healing, immune function, cardiovascular and cognitive health, and reproductive health.
Why do we need them?
We need vitamins and minerals to carry out basic metabolic functions, including releasing energy from our food. We also need certain nutrients for digestion and to form red blood cells, immune system cells, neurotransmitters and hormones. Specific vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C and selenium, also provide antioxidant protection against free radical damage to maintain good health.