ICPSR is the world's largest archive of digital social science data. We acquire, preserve, and distribute original social science research data. ICPSR is a partner in social science research.
(Music) Did you ever wonder ...
Why should I cite data?
THE SHORT ANSWER
Citing data helps others:
-Find the data
-Replicate your results
-Give credit to those who created the data
THE LONG ANSWER
THINK ABOUT A RESEARCH PAPER ...
It lists articles, books, and websites in the references and gives credit to authors within the text.
The data should be credited too!
Not only is data citation
EASY AS PIE
and who doesn't love pie??
It also offers many BENEFITS
BENEFIT #1 BENEFIT TO YOU
Readers can see EXACTLY which data you used
Others can build upon your work
A citation tells the reader:
WHO collected the data,
WHERE the data came from,
WHAT version was used
BENEFIT #2 BENEFIT TO THE ORIGINAL RESEARCHERS
They get credit for their hard work
Collecting and compiling data takes a lot of effort and money
They can demonstrate how their work is impacting their field (and others!) to supervisors and funders
... which may lead to more funding
BENEFIT #3 BENEFIT TO THE RESEARCH COMMUNITY
Data citation make life easier.
They act like a map, helping you discover research data available for reuse.
It's easier for publications to be found and linked to the dataset.
Making tools, like ICPSR's Bibliography of Data-related Literature, possible.
SO, HOW DO YOU CITE DATA?
The same way you credit other works: with a citation in the References list. Include these elements:
-Author (person who collected the data)
-Which version used (if needed)
-Persistent identifier (e.g., DOI)
IT'S A SNAP TO CITE DATA WITH ICPSR!
-Click "Cite this study" on the top of any study page.
(Example citation image appears)
-Copy and paste the citation into your paper.
The citation also appears further down on the study page, in the codebook, and in the zipped file when you download the data.
(check mark) Cite Data
(check mark) Feel Good
The right thing to do (on an award ribbon)