#TOEIC #Reading Comprehension ( TOEIC Grammar )
There is not a part that is specifically labelled as ‘Grammar’. Rather, the grammar module is embedded in Part 5 and 6, which belong to the section called ‘(Reading) Comprehension’.
TOEIC Part 5: Incomplete Sentences (40 Questions)
In this part, each item contains one incomplete sentence. In each sentence, there is a blank which is to be filled by one of the four choices that is the most suitable either in terms of grammaticality or meaning. In other words, the 40 questions in this part are designed to test the examinee’s knowledge of grammar and vocabulary; therefore, the examinee must learn the vocabulary and revise fundamental grammatical rules. Constantly practicing TOEIC exam papers would ensure that the examinee can complete the test quickly and effectively under such limited time.
As mentioned above, this part requires grammatical accuracy. TOEIC usually emphasizes on the main issues listed below.
1) Part of Speech
The examinee must be able to recognize a word’s part of speech by observing the suffix, whether it is a noun, a verb, an adjective or an adverb, and then fill in the gap with the correct form. Also, the examinee should be able to analyze components in a simple, compound and complex sentence quickly and accurately.
2) Countable + Uncountable Noun
The examinee must have an understanding of nouns in English. A countable nouns (singular or plural) is preceded by different determiner. For instance, a and an are used with singular nouns; whereas, plural nouns and uncountable nouns may or may not be preceded by a determiner.
Pronoun, such as he, him, his and himself, are the substitutes for noun to avoid repetition. The function is each one must be learned for correct usage purpose.
Prepositions, which are used to indicate location, such as in, on, at and so on, are used differently. The examinee must be able to use the preposition that is correct and suitable for a particular time and place. Some requires further consideration once they are integrated within sentences.
Conjunctions are used to connect words, phrases or clauses together in order to show the relationship between them. Not only do the examinee have to know the meaning of each word, he/she has to consider the overall relationship within the sentence, whether the sentence expresses concord, negation, causality or alternatives in order to choose the correct answer.
The issues mentioned above are only a part of the basics for TOEIC. There are other aspects that require further revision, namely part of speeches such as gerunds, infinitives, verbs, grammatical voice (active and passive), expression of conditionality (if-clause) comparison and others.
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