This course is a survey of evolutionary insights that make important differences in medical research and clinical practice, including evolutionary mechanisms and the medical issues they affect. Individual genetic variation in susceptibility; evolutionary conflicts and tradeoffs in reproductive medicine; the evolution of antibiotic resistance and virulence in pathogens; emerging diseases; the evolution of aging; cancer as an evolutionary process.
Paul Anastas, the Father of Green Chemistry introduces the concepts, knowledge and skills required to design and synthesize safer chemicals with less impact. This course describes the science behind environmental problems, looks at real world green chemistry products, processes and manufacturing techniques with emphasis on energy, solvents, catalysis, and bio-based materials. In addition to the environmental considerations the course discusses the economic implications of “real-world” cases. By the end of the course, the students should be familiar with the global, toxicological, and physical hazards that underlie the design and production of industrial chemicals. More importantly students will understand how to implement the principles of green chemistry to create solutions to these environmental and societal problems.