These are the three presentations given during the UNRISD seminar The Resource Curse? Mineral Rents and the Financing of Social Policy. Geneva, Switzerland, December 2012.
Presentations given by Katja Hujo, Research Coordinator, UNRISD, Samuel Asfaha, ITC-ILO and Alfredo Calcagno, Head, Macroeconomic and Development Branch, Division on Globalization and Development Strategies, UNCTAD.
Natural resource wealth and successful development do not always go hand in hand. Many countries with abundant mineral, land or forest resources are actually low- or lower middle-income countries with high poverty rates, low human development and sluggish growth. Even with booming commodity prices, doubts linger about the potential for mineral-rich countries to achieve more sustainable development outcomes. This phenomenon is often referred to as the paradox of plenty or the resource curse. But why does it appear to be a disadvantage to base an economy on extractive industries or commodity production? History has shown that many of today's developed countries initiated, developed and sustained their economic and social development on just such a basis.
Lessons from UNRISD research show that development performance is not simply linked to resource endowment but is the outcome of more complex processes of "employing" resources. Much depends on the conditions in which resources are harnessed and the ways in which they are brought into increasingly globalized markets. What constrains development lies not in what countries have, but rather in what they lack: institutions, financial leverage, human capital, appropriate policies and a favourable global context.
These are presentations from an UNRISD policy forum on A Rights-Based, Gender-Equitable Approach to the Regional Governance of Migration: An Elusive or Achievable Prospect?
You can listen to the complete podcast of the forum on the iTunes UNRISD directory.
Solutions to the challenges of international labour migration are typically sought at the global level. But in practice, most developments related to migration governance have taken place at the national, bilateral and regional levels. The past few decades have seen many initiatives to remove barriers to intra-regional labour movements in Asia, Africa and Latin America. These have often had more ambitious, rights-based goals—at least on paper—than similar projects in developed regions. Yet implementation of these initiatives has been slow or non-existent, and often triggered other difficulties for migrants.
This policy forum brought together a panel of experts from diverse fields and professional experience to discuss the status quo and future potential of the regional governance of migration.
These are interviews with participants at the the joint UNRISD - UN Women workshop held in Geneva in November 2012.
The workshop was convened to reflect critically on existing and potential areas of research on gender issues, catalyze the work of other UN organizations, and explore possibilities for new collaborative work. The meeting is the first part of a consultative process that will enable UN Women to fulfil its coordination and support role within the United Nations System. The meeting brought together approximately 30 participants, including researchers from within the UN system, those in charge of gender issues from UN system, those in charge of gender issues from different UN agencies as well as a selected group of researchers from outside the UN system.
You can hear more from participants at the workshop here: www.unrisd.org/podcasts and interviews with--Hania Sholkany (Assosicate Professor at the Social Research Center, American University, Cairo); --Takyiwaa Manuh (Associate Professor and former Director of the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ghana); and --Marie-Claude Martin (Associate Director in the Office of Research at the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence) on the UNRISD iTunes podcast directory.