Upload
99,776

The Economist

  • Why smoking rates aren't falling around the world

    15,521 views 2 weeks ago
    Over the past 60 years smoking rates have plummeted in Britain, America, Australia and other countries that have cracked down on the habit. But in some others they have changed little, and in nearly 40 countries the number of smokers is actually increasing.

    The risks are well documented and smoking is the leading preventable cause of death around the world. So why aren't smoking rates dropping everywhere?

    First, governments aren't doing enough. The best ways to stop people smoking are well known: publicise the health risks, raise taxes, ban smoking indoors and advertising, and provide support for those trying to quit. In countries that follow these steps, the results are clear: The percentage of Turkish men who smoke fell 11% in eight years. Despite this just one country, Turkey, has imposed and properly enforces all the recommended measures at the highest level, a study found. And only 33 countries have fixed cigarette taxes at the level recommended by the WHO: more than three quarters of the retail price. This means cigarettes are still affordable for many.

    Second, pressure from tobacco companies. Companies exert pressure wherever possible. Because many taxes vary based on factors like length, companies can adapt their products to keep some brands cheaper. And they have a long history of marketing 'light' or 'slim' brands as healthier, which they aren't. Tobacco lobbyists have been known to encourage finance ministers in developing countries to keep taxes low to discourage black-market cigarettes. But higher taxes, coupled with tighter border controls, are an effective way to reduce consumption.
    It's also often easy to find loopholes in advertising bans. In some places, salespeople wear branded clothing in nightclubs and cafes. In others, billboards of point-of-sale advertising behind the counter slips through.

    Lastly, reluctance from smokers to quit or abide by anti-smoking regulation. In some countries, smokers have simply failed to accept the evidence: more than four-fifths of smokers in Denmark and the Netherlands say they have tried to quit, compared with just a third in Bulgaria and Portugal. And while many more countries are introducing smoking bans, these can be got around: in France and Ireland, people smoke in covered outdoor patio areas. In Greece and Portugal, locals simply ignore the rules altogether. Some smokers also get around the taxes by buying counterfeit or smuggled cigarettes; these make up around tenth of global sales.

    Smoking now kills 6m people every year. That number is projected to rise to 8m by 2030, with the majority of cases moving from rich to poor countries. There is some hope: China, home to a third of the world's smokers, has at last started to get serious about smoking. It banned smoking in public places from June 1st of this year, and government officials can no longer smoke at official functions. If governments fail to follow its example and crack down on smoking now, by introducing the necessary measures and properly enforcing those already in place, a global health catastrophe looms. Show less
    Read more
  • Economist Films Play all

    Economist Films is a new venture that expresses The Economist’s globally curious outlook in the form of short, mind-stretching documentaries.

    “Future Works” is a series that examines the jobs of the future that are being done today. Our first film, “Drone Rangers”, chronicles the day-to-day work of civilian drone operators in the fields of conservation, disaster recovery and construction.

    The second series, “Global Compass”, looks at the countries and people pioneering new approaches to persistent social problems. The first film is “Drugs: War or Store?”, a hard look at new kinds of drugs policy from Portugal to Colorado.

    To find out more visit Economist.com/films #EconomistFilms
    • The drone pilots making the world a better place - Duration: 12 minutes.

      • 1 month ago
      • 24,772 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    • What happened when Portugal decriminalised drugs? - Duration: 15 minutes.

      • 1 month ago
      • 262,474 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • Meet the drone pilots making the world a better place - Duration: 2 minutes, 15 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 1,817 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    • What happened when Portugal decriminalised drugs (Short Clip) - Duration: 2 minutes, 8 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 3,757 views
      For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. View a clip from our new film looking at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado.

      Economist Films is ...
    • The new drugs business - Duration: 33 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 649 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • How to roll a joint - Duration: 36 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 3,528 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • What happened when Portugal decriminalised drugs (short clip) - Duration: 36 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 118 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • The real cost of the war on drugs - Duration: 36 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 145 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • Marijuana in the mall - Duration: 33 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 126 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • The drone pilots who are saving lives - Duration: 28 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 463 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    • Secrets of a drone pilot - Duration: 30 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 461 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    • Drone pilots – a new kind of mission - Duration: 31 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 89 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    This item has been hidden
  • The Economist explains Play all

    • Why Britons still hunt foxes - Duration: 2 minutes, 6 seconds.

      • 1 week ago
      • 3,725 views
      Britain’s parliament banned the use of dogs to kill foxes in 2005. Despite this, the number of people joining hunts is rising.

      Hunting foxes with hounds is controversial and animal-rights groups c...
    • Why Britons still hunt foxes - Duration: 2 minutes, 4 seconds.

      • 1 week ago
      • 2,862 views
      Britain’s parliament banned the use of dogs to kill foxes in 2005. Despite this, the number of people joining hunts is rising.
      Hunting foxes with hounds is controversial and animal-rights groups c...
    • Why smoking rates aren't falling around the world - Duration: 2 minutes, 45 seconds.

      • 2 weeks ago
      • 15,521 views
      Over the past 60 years smoking rates have plummeted in Britain, America, Australia and other countries that have cracked down on the habit. But in some others they have changed little, and in nearl...
    • Why Britain doesn't frack - Duration: 2 minutes, 51 seconds.

      • 3 weeks ago
      • 8,613 views
      Shale gas has revolutionised America’s energy industry. Produced via a process called hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’, in which water is forced into rock, cracking it to release the valuable ga...
    • What countries want from their diasporas - Duration: 2 minutes, 58 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 5,672 views
      Not so long ago, countries mostly ignored their diasporas. But, rather like alumni relations offices, diaspora ministries and departments are now popping up around the world. When Ireland was strug...
    • How El niño affects commodity prices - Duration: 2 minutes, 50 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 7,434 views
      Cocoa, coffee and minerals are especially vulnerable to the weather pattern first named by Peruvian fishermen
    • Why America's military is losing its edge - Duration: 3 minutes, 32 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 35,832 views
      Why America's military is losing its edge

      America’s ability to project power on behalf of its own interests and in defence of its allies has been the bedrock of the rules-based international order...
    • Why David Cameron wants to repeal the Human Rights Act - Duration: 2 minutes, 49 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 7,065 views
      Britain's prime minister wants to get rid of legislation tying the country's courts to the European Court of Human Rights. Doing so could prompt a constitutional crisis
    • How to stop invasive underwater species - Duration: 2 minutes, 1 second.

      • 2 months ago
      • 4,595 views
      When creatures from the Red Sea stray into Mediterranean waters, the results can be lethal. Red-Sea pufferfish colonising the eastern Mediterranean are so poisonous they kill about one in ten peopl...
    • Why China's agricultural system is inefficient - Duration: 2 minutes, 38 seconds.

      • 2 months ago
      • 13,783 views
      Since a largely man-made famine that started in the late 1950s, in which tens of millions died, China has defied the odds by feeding its people almost entirely on its own. It has provided for one-f...
    • The benefits of paternity leave - Duration: 2 minutes, 23 seconds.

      • 2 months ago
      • 5,680 views
      Despite decades of social progress in the workplace, women still have to contend with the lion’s share of child-care. While most countries allow up to three months of maternity leave, only around h...
    • How Russians see the West - Duration: 2 minutes, 42 seconds.

      • 2 months ago
      • 42,489 views
      On May 9th Russia will mark the 70th anniversary of the end of the second world war, known to Russians as the Great Patriotic War. It ought to be a moment for joint commemoration between Russia and...
    This item has been hidden
  • Short docs Play all

    This item has been hidden
  • Recent activities Play all

    • Why Britons still hunt foxes - Duration: 2 minutes, 6 seconds.

      • 1 week ago
      • 3,725 views
      Britain’s parliament banned the use of dogs to kill foxes in 2005. Despite this, the number of people joining hunts is rising.

      Hunting foxes with hounds is controversial and animal-rights groups c...
    • Why smoking rates aren't falling around the world - Duration: 2 minutes, 45 seconds.

      • 2 weeks ago
      • 15,521 views
      Over the past 60 years smoking rates have plummeted in Britain, America, Australia and other countries that have cracked down on the habit. But in some others they have changed little, and in nearl...
    • Why Britain doesn't frack - Duration: 2 minutes, 51 seconds.

      • 3 weeks ago
      • 8,613 views
      Shale gas has revolutionised America’s energy industry. Produced via a process called hydraulic fracturing, or ‘fracking’, in which water is forced into rock, cracking it to release the valuable ga...
    • How to roll a joint - Duration: 2 minutes, 10 seconds.

      • 3 weeks ago
      • 5,562 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • The drone pilots making the world a better place - Duration: 2 minutes, 6 seconds.

      • 4 weeks ago
      • 2,451 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    • What countries want from their diasporas - Duration: 2 minutes, 58 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 5,672 views
      Not so long ago, countries mostly ignored their diasporas. But, rather like alumni relations offices, diaspora ministries and departments are now popping up around the world. When Ireland was strug...
    • Why I support assisted dying - Duration: 6 minutes, 7 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 3,946 views
      Margaret has terminal ovarian cancer. After five types of chemotherapy she wants to be able to decide the time and manner of her death
    • The real cost of the war on drugs - Duration: 2 minutes.

      • 1 month ago
      • 5,932 views
      Economist Films: For 20 years The Economist has led calls for a rethink on drug prohibition. This film looks at new approaches to drugs policy, from Portugal to Colorado. “Drugs: War or Store?” kic...
    • The drone pilots who are saving lives - Duration: 2 minutes, 7 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 1,887 views
      Economist Films: Meet the people pioneering new careers as drone pilots, from the South African savannah to the building sites of California. “Drone Rangers” is the first film in our new “Future Wo...
    • How El niño affects commodity prices - Duration: 2 minutes, 50 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 7,434 views
      Cocoa, coffee and minerals are especially vulnerable to the weather pattern first named by Peruvian fishermen
    • America's elderly prisoner boom - Duration: 8 minutes, 14 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 66,678 views
      Thanks to ultra-long sentences, America's 2.3m prisoners are getting older. Under the 'Gold coats' programme in California, younger inmates look after elderly ones
    • How poverty breeds insecurity in northern Nigeria - Duration: 4 minutes, 36 seconds.

      • 1 month ago
      • 1,828 views
      Sokoto epitomises the miserable destitution across Nigeria's northern states. Without serious reform, the region could become a breeding ground for further insecurity
    This item has been hidden
  • Videographics Play all

    Our Videographics and Live Charts offer food for thought on topics from military spending to millennials to football
    This item has been hidden
  • The Economist interviews Play all

    • Bill Gates debunks three myths - Duration: 7 minutes, 5 seconds.

      • 1 year ago
      • 6,349 views
      Bill Gates on why aid works, the poor are getting richer and growing wealth inequality doesn't matter. For more video content from The Economist visit our website: http://econ.st/LduNq3
    • Francis Fukuyama on "Political Order and Political Decay" - Duration: 6 minutes, 58 seconds.

      • 9 months ago
      • 5,097 views
      The political scientist explains how the West has developed strong states while the Middle East and Africa continue to struggle. For more multimedia content from The Economist visit our website: ht...
    • Steven Pinker on bad and good writing - Duration: 5 minutes, 55 seconds.

      • 9 months ago
      • 12,363 views
      The psychologist and word-usage expert has produced a new style guide with cognitive sensibilities called "The Sense of Style". For more multimedia content from The Economist visit our website: htt...
    • Barack Obama talks to The Economist - Duration: 41 minutes.

      • 11 months ago
      • 32,448 views
      An interview with the president. The Economist's editor-in-chief and foreign editor talked to Barack Obama aboard Air Force One on August 1st, 2014 as he returned to Washington from Kansas City. Th...
    • Thomas Piketty on the history of money - Duration: 9 minutes, 31 seconds.

      • 1 year ago
      • 13,924 views
      The economist explains how wealth and income inequality have evolved over the past century, and why making access to education more meritocratic could help tackle both problems.
      For more video con...
    • René Burri on photography - Duration: 6 minutes, 31 seconds.

      • 9 months ago
      • 1,123 views
      In an interview from 2012, the internationally acclaimed photographer discusses his career and some of his most iconic work. For more multimedia content from The Economist visit our website: http:/...
    • Nigel Farage on UKIP's rise: A state of mind - Duration: 9 minutes, 46 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 20,586 views
      Nigel Farage, leader of the UK Independence Party, reflects on recent successes and outlines his strategy for upcoming European and general elections
    • Gutenberg's apprentice: More than one Great Man - Duration: 6 minutes, 11 seconds.

      • 8 months ago
      • 1,748 views
      Alix Christie's debut novel puts a human face on the invention of the printing press and brings to the fore a little known third actor in the creation of Johannes Gutenberg's world-changing Bible
    • Atul Gawande on end-of-life care - Duration: 7 minutes, 10 seconds.

      • 8 months ago
      • 3,021 views
      Facing mortality

      The leading surgeon and author discusses how doctors in rich countries handle end-of-life care, and why we must not shy away from the question of our own mortality. For more multi...
    • Northern Ireland's role in Britain's election - Duration: 7 minutes, 46 seconds.

      • 3 months ago
      • 1,758 views
      Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party could be a kingmaker. In an interview, Peter Robinson, its leader, says his party would support either big party- provided the SNP is not calling the shots
    • In the pub with Nigel Farage - Duration: 10 minutes.

      • 3 months ago
      • 2,034 views
      The leader of the UK Independence Party discusses patriotism, immigration and mischief-making over a pint with our political editor
    • In the pub with Nigel Farage - Duration: 10 minutes.

      • 2 months ago
      • 9,862 views
      The leader of the UK Independence Party discusses patriotism, immigration and mischief-making over a pint with our political editor
    This item has been hidden
  • The World in 2015 Play all

    This item has been hidden
  • Popular uploads Play all

    This item has been hidden
to add this to Watch Later

Add to

Loading playlists...