For more information go here: http://bit.ly/1zRFyTL
When a knee is so severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered. During knee replacement surgery, joint surfaces area substituted or replaced by prosthesis.
The most common condition that results in the need for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, which affects mostly middle-aged and older adults. Osteoarthritis is characterized by the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bones in the knee. There are other forms of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis and arthritis that results from a knee injury can also lead to degeneration of the knee joint.
The decision to replace the painful knee with an artificial one is a joint decision between the patient and surgeon. Other alternative treatments may first be used, including but not limited to assistive walking devices and anti-inflammatory medications.
What happens before surgery?
In addition to a complete medical history, the surgeon may perform a complete physical examination, including x-rays, to ensure that the patient is in good health before undergoing surgery. In additions, the patient may also meet with a physical therapist to discuss rehabilitation after the surgery and undergo blood tests (or any other ordered test). It is a good idea that the patient attends a total joint replacement class to understand what to expect in the hospital and ideas to prepare for discharge.
Cutting-edge treatment at Doctors Hospital:
Doctors Hospital is the first hospital in the area to provide the conforMIS iUni and iDuo patient customized partial knee replacement implants!
A partial knee procedure refers to a surgery designed to treat just one or two compartments in a knee, a possibility when osteoarthritis is not present in all three components, and a great option for the younger, more active patient.
This implant is designed through Conformist’s iFit technology to optimize fit and performance of the knee replacement. Each implant is made specifically for each patient. Using 3D CT scan images, a patient’s own knee anatomy provides the template to create the customized knee implant. The implants are also combined with a resurfacing procedure that preserves more of the healthy bone and tissue and provide the opportunity for a smaller incision and shorter recovery time.
Benefits of a personalized implant for one to two compartments of the knee include:
Matching the individual’s shape and anatomy
More natural alignment
Better bone preservation
Less trauma than full total knee replacement
Potentially reduced recovery time