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  • Understanding the Russian mindset

    194,353 views 1 year ago
    One of the very foundations of political science is the principle that geography determines destiny. In the same way that the British Isles determined the naval culture, and the frontier affected the American culture, Russia too, can be defined by its geographic characteristics. The most obvious element of Russia's geography is its enormous size. However, the truth is that Russia's size is both an advantage as well as a liability. The very core of the Russian Federation, the Moscow region, is simply indefensible. There are no mountainous ranges; no rivers or oceans, there are no swamps or deserts. Only the forests of Moscow and the inhospitable climate can be defined as geographic obstacles. The only thing the Russians can do in event of an invasion is to drag out the war and bleed the enemy out. It is for this reason that Russia's history is largely about surviving invasion after invasion. These centuries long experiences left a deep mark in the Russian culture and psychology, and due to these experiences the Russian leadership became obsessed with security and survival.

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  • Uploads Play all

    • Turkey's elections explained - Duration: 15 minutes.

      • 1 week ago
      • 9,750 views
      The general elections in Turkey finished with the Justice and Development Party, or the AKP for short, suffering decisive losses as they no longer form the single dominant party in the Turkish parl...
    • History of Islam Part 2: Conquests of Umar - Duration: 23 minutes.

      • 3 weeks ago
      • 15,876 views
      In the first part of the History of Islam we discussed the succession to Muhammad and the birth of the Caliphate under the leadership of Abu Bakr. The formation of the Caliphate was not an easy one...
    • King Salman’s palace coup and the Saudi royal politics - Duration: 15 minutes.

      • 1 month ago
      • 53,507 views
      Just a few days ago King Salman of Saudi Arabia passed a series of royal decrees that are meant to smoothen the transition of power from the second to the third generation princes. Salman will be t...
    • History of Islam Part 1: Reign of Abu Bakr - Duration: 14 minutes.

      • 2 months ago
      • 39,575 views
      The core religious allegory of Islam starts with Muhammad’s revelations in the caves and ends with the death of 4th successor Ali, almost 40 years later. It is analogous to the Last Suppers, the Cr...
    • Iran's nuclear deal explained - Duration: 10 minutes.

      • 2 months ago
      • 31,322 views
      After 42 hours overtime, the Iran nuclear negotiations with the United States, Russia, China, France, Great Britain and Germany reached a framework deal in Lausanne, Switzerland. In return for lift...
    • Origins of the crisis in Yemen - Duration: 13 minutes.

      • 3 months ago
      • 72,164 views
      In a previous CaspianReport, released back in 2011, we argued about the likelihood of a civil war in Yemen and that the Iranian back Houthi rebellion would trigger a new front in the ongoing Saudi-...
    • Motives behind the Charlie Hebdo attack in Paris - Duration: 8 minutes, 37 seconds.

      • 5 months ago
      • 58,404 views
      Yesterday morning, three masked gunmen stormed the headquarters of the French satire magazine Charlie Hebdo. The attackers forced one of the cartoonists to open the door with a security code. And t...
    • History of the Turkish military’s role in politics - Duration: 13 minutes.

      • 6 months ago
      • 25,835 views
      Ever since the independence of the Republic of Turkey, the military faction has played a decisive role in the politics, economics and society of the country. During the 1960s, 1970s and the 1980s, ...
    • Book review: Fragile Empire by Ben Judah - Duration: 7 minutes, 42 seconds.

      • 6 months ago
      • 23,044 views
      Of all the recent books about the Russian president, Fragile Empire: How Russia Fell In and Out of Love with Vladimir Putin by Ben Judah stands out for a number of reasons. First of all it’s not qu...
    • Feasibility of the US strategy against ISIS - Duration: 9 minutes, 12 seconds.

      • 7 months ago
      • 49,574 views
      Back in the month of September the American President, Barack Obama, said that the US intends to destroy the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS for short. Obama managed to assemble an impress...
    • Origins of ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) - Duration: 10 minutes.

      • 7 months ago
      • 223,827 views
      In the aftermath of the invasion of Iraq in 2003, Saddam Hussein, the man who ruled the country with an iron fist, was captured. And then he was executed by the new Iraqi government. However despit...
    • Book review: The Rise of Turkey by Soner Cagaptay - Duration: 6 minutes, 30 seconds.

      • 8 months ago
      • 18,629 views
      The Rise of Turkey: The Twenty-First Century's First Muslim Power by Soner Cagaptay is an excellent geopolitical book about Turkey. You might ask yourself why Turkey?

      Turkey is perhaps one of the ...
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  • Geopolitics Play all

    Reports related to the geopolitics and the national interests of various countries and conflicts throughout the world.
    • Is China the next superpower? - Duration: 7 minutes, 12 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 544,026 views
      Many people see China's strength mainly in its economy and although China's economy now ranks as the second largest in the world, its per capita income is still roughly 10 times lower than that of ...
    • Will Russia become a superpower? Part 1/2 - Duration: 16 minutes.

      • 1 year ago
      • 121,721 views
      Back in the final days of the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union negotiated an agreement. The Soviets would withdraw from Eastern Europe and dismantle the Warsaw Pact, and in return t...
    • Will Russia become a superpower? Part 2/2 - Duration: 11 minutes.

      • 1 year ago
      • 71,398 views
      In the first part of Russia's geopolitics we talked about the external objectives of the Kremlin, and how these objectives shape Russia's foreign policy. Equally important are Russia's internal dyn...
    • Can India become a superpower? - Duration: 13 minutes.

      • 2 years ago
      • 270,577 views
      The Indian subcontinent, which includes not just India but also Pakistan and Bangladesh, is one of the most ancient places on earth. In fact the Indus valley is one of the birthplaces of civilizati...
    • Geopolitics of Iran - Duration: 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 51,596 views
      In the last 500 years the borders of Iran have remained more or less the same. This is because of the topographical barriers. The country is surrounded by thee mountainous borders and a coastline i...
    • Geopolitics of Greece - Duration: 10 minutes.

      • 2 years ago
      • 28,948 views
      Throughout history Greece's rugged geography has given the advantage to the Greeks when defending their homelands against invaders. While the mountainous terrain has its military advantages, it als...
    • Internal dynamics of Pakistan - Duration: 3 minutes, 2 seconds.

      • 4 years ago
      • 24,799 views
      Pakistan is a county with internal struggle. On the one side you have Pakistani politicians and on the other side you have the military and security apparatus. But the country also has a nuclear ar...
    • Will the European Union collapse? - Duration: 4 minutes, 40 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 47,719 views
      The European Union is an ambitious concept but it was broken by the financial crisis of 2008. The financial crisis can be summed up as the aftershock effect of the Iraqi war and cheap money produce...
    • Turkey and the PKK cease-fire - Duration: 7 minutes, 15 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 12,502 views
      The PKK was born as a reaction to the authotarian and racist policies of the Turkish republic in the early 1980s, Since then around 40.000 people have died. However the Turkey of today is so much d...
    • United States and the world after 9/11 - Duration: 7 minutes, 33 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 38,652 views
      While most people will complain about the US presence in global affairs, it is in fact the US absence that has allowed these stalemate conflicts to shift. The traditional geopolitical lines have ch...
    • The Arab Spring, one year later - Duration: 6 minutes, 48 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 11,753 views
      The Arab Spring is not yet over; it has evolved and it's much more complex than last year. Every nation and country is different and every state dealt differently with the unrest. In Tunisia and E...
    • How would Iran retaliate? - Duration: 5 minutes, 10 seconds.

      • 4 years ago
      • 207,695 views
      Beginning of August, the U.S. announced that they had developed "a plan to attack Iran". But Iran has an attack plan of its own. Since the U.S. is on the other side of the world, Iran's primary ret...
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  • History Play all

    Reports related to the history and the origins of various conflicts throughout the world.
    • Decline of the Ottoman Empire - Duration: 9 minutes, 36 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 130,702 views
      From the 15th-16th century the Ottoman Empire was at its peak. Its realm streched from North Africa to Egypt to the Arabian Peninsula. Its holdings included the Levant, Mesopotamia, the Caucasus, t...
    • Origins of Israel Palestinian Conflict - Duration: 9 minutes, 58 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 663,257 views
      The Israeli Arab conflict is the result of interactions of superpowers in the early 20th century. British and French strategic interests in the Middle East were related to the Mediterranean trading...
    • Pre-Islamic history of the Middle East - Duration: 11 minutes.

      • 2 years ago
      • 372,190 views
      In the 14th century a Muslim historian named Ibn Khaldun wrote about the pattern of history. Farmers would build irrigation systems supporting villages and towns. Later some warrior would bring the...
    • Islamic conquest of Persia - Duration: 11 minutes.

      • 1 year ago
      • 140,816 views
      Since the 1st century BC, the Romans and Parthians had waged a number of wars that lasted for the centuries. In fact these military campaigns outlasted the empires themselves. Both the Roman and Pa...
    • Origins of the Muslim Brotherhood - Duration: 8 minutes, 57 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 26,794 views
      In the 18th century Europe's influence was growing. This was most notable in the Islamic world. As a response to this, many new Islamic scholars, activists and ideologist attempted to reform their ...
    • Origins of the Chechen resistance - Duration: 10 minutes.

      • 2 years ago
      • 32,571 views
      Ever since two Chechen brothers were implicated in the Boston bombings, people have been going through history books to see what is distinctive about Islam in the Caucasus. To understand Chechens y...
    • Origins of Mali's Tuareg conflict - Duration: 5 minutes, 23 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 30,361 views
      The ongoing conflict in Northern Mali is rooted in the country's geography and its history. The Niger River forms the backbone of the country and it essentially splits the country in two. The arid ...
    • A game of thrones in Saudi Arabia (Who will be the next king?) - Duration: 6 minutes, 38 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 187,606 views
      As the fictional Game of Thrones launches its third season a different game of intrigue is unfolding in Saudi Arabia. In this report we take a look at the history of the Saudi dynasty and its key p...
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union and blowback in Baku January 20, 1990 - Duration: 3 minutes, 20 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 14,150 views
      Late at night on January 19, 1990, about 26.000 Soviet troops stormed Baku, the capital of Soviet Azerbaijan. The troops were supported by tanks and other armored vehicles. They blocked all the maj...
    • Flashback to Khojaly - Duration: 6 minutes, 27 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 12,516 views
      Click "cc" for subtitles.

      Over night from February 25 to 26, 1992, Armenian armed forces with support of the Russian 366th regiment stormed Khojaly town firing by artillery, missiles and tanks. ...
      • CC
    • The Azerbaijani Legacy - Duration: 3 minutes, 8 seconds.

      • 4 years ago
      • 10,771 views
      Famous military historian, Semistan Nezirli, explains the early years of the Azerbaijani national army of 1918. From the 'Caucasus Campaign' to the historic battle between the Russian Empire and in...
      • CC
    • War in Nagorno Karabakh - Duration: 7 minutes, 21 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 25,078 views
      The collapse of the Soviet Union triggered many ethnic conflicts throughout the Eastern Europe and Asia. One of the most horrific conflicts was the Nagorno-Karabakh War. Armenia with the support of...
      • CC
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  • Economics Play all

    An economic approach to various financial issues and questions.
    • Will the European Union collapse? - Duration: 4 minutes, 40 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 47,719 views
      The European Union is an ambitious concept but it was broken by the financial crisis of 2008. The financial crisis can be summed up as the aftershock effect of the Iraqi war and cheap money produce...
    • The Financial Crisis of 2008 - Duration: 7 minutes, 48 seconds.

      • 3 years ago
      • 58,240 views
      The Financial Crisis of 2008 was an economic bubble that reached its limits and exploded. A bubble is simply where prices continue to rise beyond the true value. People buy, simply because they bel...
    • After the coup, whats next for Egypt? - Duration: 8 minutes, 24 seconds.

      • 1 year ago
      • 16,354 views
      Egypt's security forces are still clashing with Muslim Brotherhood supporters as we speak. And aside the military coup, and the detention of Muhammed Morsi, the top figures of the Brotherhood have ...
    • Venezuela's economic crisis explained - Duration: 11 minutes.

      • 1 year ago
      • 40,855 views
      Venezuela has been hit by a wave of economic problems, with the two most pressing issues being the high inflation and the scarcity of goods. Although they are mentioned separately, these two issues...
    • Feasibility of sanctions against Russia - Duration: 9 minutes, 41 seconds.

      • 1 year ago
      • 32,551 views
      In the last couple of weeks the US government promised tough sanctions against Russia. President Barack Obama authorized the Treasury Department to prepare for potential sanctions that would freeze...
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  • The Bookshelf Play all

    Reviews of books and novels that touch on geopolitical, economic, cultural, historical and psychological subjects. These sources of knowledge are recommended for all viewers.
    • Book review: Fragile Empire by Ben Judah - Duration: 7 minutes, 42 seconds.

      • 6 months ago
      • 23,044 views
      Of all the recent books about the Russian president, Fragile Empire: How Russia Fell In and Out of Love with Vladimir Putin by Ben Judah stands out for a number of reasons. First of all it’s not qu...
    • Book review: The Rise of Turkey by Soner Cagaptay - Duration: 6 minutes, 30 seconds.

      • 8 months ago
      • 18,629 views
      The Rise of Turkey: The Twenty-First Century's First Muslim Power by Soner Cagaptay is an excellent geopolitical book about Turkey. You might ask yourself why Turkey?

      Turkey is perhaps one of the ...
    • Book review: Memoirs of Babur by Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur - Duration: 9 minutes, 30 seconds.

      • 1 year ago
      • 14,894 views
      Babur Nama or Memoirs of Babur, is considered a novel, a journal, a historic document, whatever it may be, it is the remarkable story of Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur, a descendant of the Mongol conq...
    • Book review: Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad - Duration: 3 minutes, 40 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 15,799 views
      Heart of Darkness is a short novel by Joseph Conrad. In facts it is so short you could finish reading it in just a few hours. But dont take the shortness for simplicity. This is a real meaningful n...
    • Book review: Wired for War by Peter W. Singer - Duration: 5 minutes, 12 seconds.

      • 2 years ago
      • 7,900 views
      In this book review we explore Wired For War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century, a best-selling book by Peter W. Singer. The book explains the influence of science fiction on...
    • Book review: Totalitarian Art by Igor Golomstock - Duration: 5 minutes, 38 seconds.

      • 1 year ago
      • 11,372 views
      Most people think that totalitarianism destroys all forms of art and culture. In fact that's one of the characterizations of totalitarianism. And in a way that's true, but what the author of Totali...
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