The ancient olive tree of Kavousi in Crete, the largest of the Greek islands, is certainly the oldest olive tree in the world. Perched on its mount near an major archaeological site, this vestige of antiquity flies over the centuries as we spend the minutes. Its dimensions and its history are simply incredible: its trunk has a diameter of 4.90 meters for a perimeter of 14.20 meters to 0.80 m in height. Its growth is estimated at approximately 0.75 mm / year, which would make this thousand-year-old olive tree the oldest tree in Crete, or even the world at the height of 3,500 years! This would mark the first historical appearance of the olive tree during the post-palatial period of the Minoan civilization (1350-1100 BC). In 2004, some residents of the Ierapetra region offered to offer a branch or "cotinos" from this olive tree to the winner of the women's Olympic marathon of Athens that year; this branch was taken in the presence of officials, religious and a considerable crowd. This tree of the variety "Mastoeidis", produces olives called "Tsounati" in the region of Vouves - and which receive here the name of "Muratolia".