About us The Water Research Commission (WRC) of South Africa was established in terms of the Water Research Act (Act No 34 of 1971), following a period of serious water shortage. In 1971, when the WRC was founded, water and sanitation research and development (R&D) in South Africa was limited to a few institutions and funding inadequate. There was no research coordination and an apparent neglect of some key research fields. In addition, there was little strategic direction or leadership that could identify priority areas or appropriate technology transfer. It was to address these issues that the WRC was established. The WRC has five key strategic areas (KSAs) which relate to water-centred knowledge, each providing an integrating framework for addressing a portfolio of key water-related needs. These KSAs allow for multidisciplinary studies and are focused on solving problems related to national needs, supporting society and the water sector.