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  • Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple: Tom’s Story (A comical story of Tom, the ESL student - Video)

    1,118,226 views 3 years ago
    Follow Tom in his everyday life and teach the present perfect tense by contrasting it with the past simple to pre-intermediate level ESL learners.
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    Title of English / ESL Video:
    Tom’s Story

    Target English Grammar:
    Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple Tense

    Student Proficiency Level:
    Pre-intermediate level grammar

    Suggested Courses:
    General English

    Instructions:
    – Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
    – Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).

    Summary of English Grammar: Present Perfect Tense vs. Past Simple
    Approximate chronological order:

    Rules and Explanation:

    Functions:
    – Past events
    – Recent past events
    – Unfinished states

    Timeline: Past Events
    – The present perfect simple tense indicates that something happened in the past.
    – We don’t know when it happened. We just know it happened in the past some time between the day that you were born until now.

    Visual Representation of Example:
    – Example: I’ve been to Australia.
    – This means some time in the past, you went to Australia.
    – been vs. gone: Gone means you went there, but you’re still not back yet. Been means you went there, and then you left.
    – We often use never to emphasize negatives and ever to emphasize questions.
    – Example: Have you ever been to America? (No, I’ve never been to America.)

    Recent Past Events:
    – Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner?
    – Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve made your favourite!
    – We can also use just, yet and already for emphasis.
    – Example 1: Mum, have you finished cooking dinner yet?
    – Example 2: Yes boys, I’ve just made your favourite!

    Unfinished States:
    – Example: We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
    – We use for for a period of time.
    – Examples: for an hour, for two days, for the last 10 years.
    – We use since for a starting point in time.
    – Examples: since last night, since three months ago, since the 1980s.

    Timeline: Unfinished States
    – We’ve known each other for two weeks now.
    – The boy met the girl at a certain point in the past, and they still know each other in the present.
    – They have known each other for two weeks, which means they met two weeks ago.

    Simple Past: Function
    – To talk about finished events where the time is known.
    – Example 1: How was your date honey?
    – Example 2: We broke up…
    – In these examples, although the time is not mentioned, both the boy and his mother know the time of the date.
    – We can use just for emphasis that an event recently happened.
    – Example: We just broke up.

    Form:

    Statements:
    Subject + have/has (+ never/just/already) + past participle + … (+ for/since, time word, yet)
    I + ‘ve + been + to Australia.
    I + ‘ve + never + been + to America.
    I + haven’t + made + dinner + yet.
    We + ‘ve + known + each other + for two weeks now.

    Open Questions:
    Wh-/How + have/has + subject + past participle + … (+ for) + ?
    How long + have + we + known + each other + for?
    *Wh-/how question words and for are for open questions.

    Yes/No Questions:
    Have/has + subject (+ ever) + past participle + … (+ yet, time word) + ?
    Have + you + ever + been + to Australia?
    Have + you + finished + cooking + dinner + yet?
    *Ever, yet and time words are for yes/no questions.

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  • “No Music Versions” - Narration only with background music removed for students with sensitive hearing. (ESL Videos - English Grammar Teaching Videos) Play all

    This contains a list of the “No Music Versions” of our ESL videos for students with sensitive hearing who may have difficulty listening with the background music on.

    ESL Videos - English Grammar Teaching Videos: Our ESL teaching videos include grammar explanations, rules and definitions with example sentences and questions and ideas for exercises, communicative activities and fun games. They also explain English grammar forms and structures, meanings and functions, uses and pragmatics, when to use and how to use target grammar, examples of positive sentences and negative sentences and questions, ideas for grammar practice and exercises, speaking activities, conversation practice with example dialogues and pronunciation exercises.

    Teachers can play our ESL videos in class to teach students English grammar and be used as part of their lesson plans. Both new and experienced teachers can also learn how to teach grammar and new grammar teaching approaches and techniques from our ESL videos. Students can watch our videos at their own leisure to study and learn English grammar. These videos can also be used for listening exercise with activities and games.

    Teach from your heart. - oomongzu

    List of videos contained in this playlist:
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    - Definite Article or No Article: World Geography & Landmarks (No Music) - Upper-Intermediate Level
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    - Gerunds and Infinitives (Verbs) (No Music) - Upper-Intermediate Level
    - If Clause Type 1: Bella & the Three Stooges (No Music) - Upper-Intermediate Level
    - Modal Verbs: How to Survive a Real Life Zombie Apocalypse (No Music) - Intermediate Level
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    - Past Simple Tense - Regular Verbs: The Story of Alice and Josh (No Music) - Beginner / Starter Level
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    - Relative Clauses / Adjective Clause: Mike, the luckiest guy I know. (No Music) - Upper-Intermediate Level
    - Relationships and Marital Statuses (Vocabulary): Life of Miss Johnson (Comical ESL Video) (No Music)
    - Relative Clause / Adjective Clause: Mind-Bending Universe Theories (No Music) - Intermediate Level
    - Second Conditional - Conditional Sentences (No Music) - Intermediate Level
    - Third Conditional If Clause: Unlucky in Love (No Music) - Intermediate Level
    - Used to (Grammar): David's Secret Past (No Music) - Pre-Intermediate Level
    - Zero Conditional - Conditional Sentences (No Music) - Upper-Intermediate Level
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