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GH4: Cinema 4K - Camera Settings Test

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Published on Jul 18, 2014

@Zachanot

I looked around online to find a number of different Profile Settings for the GH4. I tried Natural on another day, but didn't like the results, and plan to stick with Cine D and Cine V. Shots are taken with an 80-200mm FD Lens (Which tends to be a little soft and renders image a little milky), and a 34mm Jackarr Snapshooter Lens (Which has some interesting Bokeh).

I was originally going to use Film Convert to do a quick grade, but I had to use the computers at work for a much faster render, so I ended up using Lumetri Looks in Premiere CC (Cinematic 2) as well as an RGB Curve. I like to grade as much as the next guy, but I wanted to see what a single unified look by a professional would look like across the board with an added curve to push the image. When you see Film Convert in the Settings in the Video, it simply means Film Convert's Profile Setting that they have listed. I also added Sharpen to all settings that had it turned down.

Settings Explained:

All shots are 0-255 converted to 16-235 in post. Shot in Camera C4K 8Bit converted to 1080p.

iDynamic/iResolution off for all settings

The opening MISC Setting was the Dragon (Later explained) setting without the color shift or Sharpness and Noise Reduction turned down.

James Miller: Cine D, everything turned down to -5. Shadows and Highlights +2, -2 respectively. He has some test videos along with some settings made for Philip Bloom and I see great results on his end.

James Miller: Cine V, everything everything turned down to -5. Shadows and Highlights +2, -2 respectively, Master Pedestal +15. Again, has videos with great results, but I'm not sure how I feel about turning up the Master Pedestal, but his results are great.

Dragon: Cine D, only Sharpness and Noise Reduction Turned down to -3, Shadows and Highlights +1, -4 respectively, and WB Adjustment 2Amber 2Green. Found in a RED Dragon User Forum from someone who tested GH4 and RED Dragon attempting to match. Prioritizing saving highlights, but only barely raising shadows to reduce introducing noise.

Driftwood: Cine D, Everything turned down to -2 like a GH2. The Infamous Nick Driftwood has a few videos out, and seemed to like this setting straight out of camera.

Film Convert Low Contrast: No Changes except to Shadows and Highlights +5, -5 respectively. Listed on their site as the setting for Low Contrast.

Take Aways:

Cine D- Great profile as is. I like how sharp the image is, it grades well, no noise is being introduced. I kind of prefer this setting as is. It just works and can give you a rich look.

Cine V- Not my favorite, but both Cine's are better than the other profiles (including natural). Doesn't have the color richness that Cine D does.

James Miller D- This might be another go to setting as it gets a flatter image without too much noise. For both James Miller D and V the F8 (blown out) shots I added saturation back, but the F11 (Less blown out) I couldn't get to look right, and only added a deeper RGB Curve.

James Miller V- Master Pedestal seems to add a red shift too the footage compared to the other shots. I see great results online, but I don't seem to like it. It is just an odd look.

Dragon- The major changes to this setting are really lowering the highlights and barely lifting the shadows, along with the WB Adjustments. I have to say that this setting is giving me a great look that I really like. Probably my main setting from now on.

Driftwood- While I didn't dislike this setting, I felt it was just a waste of time looking at it, as it is very similar to plain Cine D and Low Contrast, but in a weird middle purgatory.

Film Convert Low Contrast - This profile came out much better than I thought it would. I expected a lot of noise and the image to not hold up in grading, especially since I wasn't using Film Convert, but I must say that I will definitely continue using this setting for a really flat image, it really makes the colors pop out.

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I know that I added a STEEP RGB curve to the footage which some might say is too digital or unrealistic, or too green etc, but I wanted to push the footage to see what I could get for a range, and I also didn't have much time, and the Cinematic 2 Look from Lumetri in Premiere just wasn't doing enough. I do really love all the color in these images though. A side note it was very hard pulling focus on the 80-200mm (Later tests show difficulty on other lenses as well due to the lower res) in 1080 96fps or 60fps, had to not include them because of it.

At F8 for the 80-200mm the camera was a little blown out on the Histogram, so i restarted at F11 with the histogram only dead center, but in post some became a little blown out when adding a little to the RGB Curve.

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I do see more noise at the full 4K size, probably due to the 8Bit codec, but the 1080 on Vimeo looks much cleaner.

Same export converted to 1080p on Vimeo - https://vimeo.com/101043514

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