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Effects of Smoking and Drinking during Pregnancy

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Published on Feb 1, 2012

http://www.healthybalanceddiet.org

Effects of Smoking and Drinking during Pregnancy

• Growth restriction, Low Birth Weight and Premature Birth
During smoking, blood vessels constrict and this means poor circulation and can be a cause of growth restriction on the part of the baby. Cases like this can be detected during pregnancy through ultrasound by measuring the baby. Babies that are affected with growth restriction are usually underweight. Some babies are even born before their full term. Being underweight during birth and being born before the full term imposes a high possibility in the later life of the baby. Some health problems that may possibly be encountered are cerebral palsy, learning disabilities, psychiatric and behavioral problems.

• Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, alcohol may be absorbed in the placenta and cause danger to the growing baby. Fetal alcohol syndrome may cause heart defects, deformities in the limbs or fingers and even hearing or visual problems. Alcohol drinking during pregnancy can cause the baby to have small eyes, thinner upper lips and nose that turns upwards but these are just a few because it may also be attributed to hyperactivity, anxiety and a small brain. Although surgery and counseling are available, most of its effects are permanent.

• Miscarriage
One of the most devastating effects of smoking is miscarriage and fetal death. When a pregnant woman smokes, chemicals such as nicotine, carbon monoxide and toxins may enter into the fetus' bloodstream. All these toxins may interfere with fetal growth and on worst cases, fetal death.


For more info please visit http://www.healthybalanceddiet.org

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