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Published on Apr 6, 2018
The interpreter's English translation provided during this interview is potentially incomplete and/or inaccurate. If you are not fluent in Tibetan, please refer to the interview transcript for the complete and correct English translation. Read the interview transcript in English at http://tibetoralhistory.org/Interview...
** This interview about life in Tibet was conducted by the Tibet Oral History Project. This non-profit organization aims to preserve the history and culture of the Tibetan people by interviewing elderly Tibetan refugees about life in Tibet before and after the Chinese invasion. Learn more at http://www.TibetOralHistory.org.
** Interview Summary: Badho was born in Nangchen Dhiyagong under the King of Nangchen, who ruled a large region with 18 divisions and a population of 120,000. Badho belonged to a poor family and he and his brother performed various kinds of work for the local monastery like carrying water, herding animals, collecting dung for fuel and carrying soil and rocks during construction of houses. They received food and housing but no wages for their work. Badho recounts about how the invading Chinese initially appeared to be friendly and paid for food with silver coins. Gradually their behavior grew worse and they tightened their grip with arrests, imprisonments, torture and physical struggle sessions of influential people, lamas and leaders. Badho's other brother was a monk, who was killed by the Chinese when 300-400 monks hiding in a cave were bombarded from the air. Many of the poor Tibetans were coerced into helping the Chinese, but Badho resisted. Badho was imprisoned for one month and interrogated. The Chinese forced the prisoners to cut into pieces the swords, cauldrons and Buddhist statues from monasteries to be converted into weapons. Badho recounts his daring escape back home to his mother who urged her two sons to flee before the Chinese captured them.