9K58 "SMERCH" BM-30





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Published on Aug 31, 2008

The BM-30 Smerch (Tornado) or 9K58 is a Soviet multiple rocket launcher. The system is designed to defeat manpower, armored and soft-skinned materiel in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was created in 1986 and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989.[1]

rockets (in containers);
9A52-2 modernized launch vehicle;
automated fire control equipment;
set of arsenal equipment;
training facilities.

The 300mm rockets with a firing range of 70 and 90 km and various warheads have been developed for the Smerch MLRS.

The 9A52-2 vehicle with the automated system ensures:
delivery of fire from an unsurveyed fire position;
laying of the launch tube cluster with the crew staying in the cabin and without using aiming points;
autonomous determination of an azimuth of the launch tube cluster's longitudinal axis;
visual representation of graphical information for the launch tube cluster laying, the route of vehicle movement and location as well as a point of destination and direction of movement on the video terminal;
increase in MLRS survivability owing to reduced time of staying at a fire position;
increased comfort for the laying operator, especially in adverse weather conditions and at night;
increased independent operation owing to the navigation and survey equipment, which allows the vehicle to rapidly change fire positions and move autonomously;
reduction of the combat crew.
9К58 «Смерч» (БМ-30) — реактивная система залпового огня из семейства «Катюш». Базируется на 4-осной боевой машине 9А52-2 (МАЗ-543А) или 5-осной 9А52-2T (Tatra 816). Реактивная система залпового огня «Смерч» разработана государственным научно-производственным предприятием «Сплав» (Тула). По мощности и дальности «Смерч» до сих пор не имеет равных в мире. Отклонение ракеты не превышает 10-20 метров, такие показатели сопоставимы с высокоточными ракетами. Подготовка к бою «Смерча» после получения целеуказания занимает всего три минуты. Полный залп — тридцать восемь секунд. А уже через минуту машина снимается с места, поэтому система практически неуязвима для ответного огня противника.


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