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Birthright Israel

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Published on Feb 13, 2010

Taglit Birthright Israel 2010

What is Taglit Birthright Israel? Taglit-Birthright Israel provides the gift of educational, first-time trips to Israel for Jewish young adults ages 18 to 26.

Under 26 and Jewish? www.birthrightisrael.com

Syria is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

Tel Goded Caves are caves and passageways used during Bar Kochba Revolt. This revolt, which took place merely 60 years after the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple, forced many Jews to leave Israel and in many ways ushered in the Middle Ages. In preparation for the revolt, the Jews dug tunnels and mines as places of refuge and escape.  It was from these caves that the followers of Bar Kochba conducted their guerilla attacks against the Romans. 

The Bedouins are a predominantly desert-dwelling Arab ethnic group (previously nomadic, currently mostly settled) found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert.

Massada is the name for a site of ancient palaces and fortifications in the South District of Israel on top of an isolated rock plateau on the eastern edge of the Judean Desert overlooking the Dead Sea. After the First Jewish-Roman War a siege of the fortress by troops of the Roman Empire led to the mass suicide of the Sicarii rebels, who preferred death to surrender.

The Jilaboon is located in he Golan Heights. The Golan Heights (formerly known as the Syrian Heights[) is a strategic plateau and mountainous region at the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains and remains a highly contested land straddling the borders of Syria and Israel. Two-thirds of the area is currently governed by Israel.

The Dead Sea also called the Salt Sea, is a salt lake in Jordan to the east and Israel to the west. The Dead Sea is 378 deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. It is also one of the world's saltiest bodies of water, with 33.7% salinity. Only Lake Assal (Djibouti), Garabogazköl and some hypersaline lakes of the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica (such as Don Juan Pond and perhaps Lake Vanda) have a higher salinity. It is 8.6 times more salty than the ocean. This salinity makes for a harsh environment where animals cannot flourish, hence its name.

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel. Located in the Judean Mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the northern edge of the Dead Sea. The city has a history that goes back to the 4th millennium BCE, making it one of the oldest cities in the world. Jerusalem is the holiest city in Judaism and Christianity and has been the spiritual center of the Jewish people since c. 1000 BCE, when David the King of Israel first established it as the capital of the Jewish Nation, and his son Solomon commissioned the building of the First Temple in the city. Jerusalem contains a number of significant Christian sites, and although it is never mentioned explicitly in the Qur'an, Islam regards Jerusalem as its third-holiest city.

The Western Wall, sometimes referred to as the Wailing Wall or simply the Kotel, and as al-Buraaq Wall in Arabic, is an important Jewish religious site located in the Old City of Jerusalem. Just over half the wall, including its 17 courses located below street level, dates from the end of the Second Temple period, being constructed around 19 BCE by Herod the Great. The remaining layers were added from the 7th century onwards.

Mount Herzl, is a hilltop and national cemetery in Jerusalem, Israel named for Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern political Zionism. Herzl's tomb lies at the top of the hill. Yad Vashem, which commemorates the Holocaust, lies to the west of Mt. Herzl.

Lebanon, officially the Republic of Lebanon, is a country in Western Asia, on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has dictated its rich history, and shaped its cultural identity of religious and ethnic diversity.

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