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Published on Sep 11, 2009
Roman Architecture (HSAR 252)
Professor Kleiner explores sepulchral architecture in Rome commissioned by the emperor, aristocrats, successful professionals, and former slaves during the age of Augustus. Unlike most civic and residential buildings, tombs serve no practical purpose other than to commemorate the deceased and consequently assume a wide variety of personalized and remarkable forms. The lecture begins with the round Mausoleum of Augustus, based on Etruscan precedents and intended to house the remains of Augustus and the new Julio-Claudian dynasty. Professor Kleiner also highlights two of Rome's most unusual funerary structures: the pyramidal Tomb of Gaius Cestius, an aristocrat related to Marcus Agrippa, and the trapezoidal Tomb of Marcus Vergilius Eurysaces, probably a former slave who made his fortune overseeing the baking and public distribution of bread for the Roman army. Professor Kleiner concludes the lecture with a brief discussion of tombs for those with more modest means, including extensive subterranean columbaria. She also turns briefly to the domed thermal baths at Baia, part of an ancient spa and a sign of where concrete construction would take the future of Roman architecture.
00:00 - Chapter 1. Augustus Family Mausoleum 11:04 - Chapter 2. Etruscan Antecedents of the Mausoleum of Augustus 19:13 - Chapter 3. The Tomb of Caecilia Metella on the Via Appia 28:55 - Chapter 4. The Pyramidal Tomb of Gaius Cestius 41:33 - Chapter 5. The Tomb of the Baker Eurysaces and His Wife Atistia 50:30 - Chapter 6. Atistias Breadbasket and Eurysaces Achievements 01:00:16 - Chapter 7. Tombs for Those of Modest Means and the Future of Concrete Architecture