Canonization cause starts in Kansas City for foundress of Mary's House in Turkey





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Published on Feb 28, 2011

February 27, 2011. The path to sainthood is a long road that may or may not end with the pope canonizing someone as a saint. The step before canonization is the opening of a cause for beatification, something that doesn't happen at every Mass, especially in places like Kansas City, Missouri. The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception recently had this honor for Sister Marie de Mandat-Grancey. The French nun and founder of the House of the Virgin Mary.

Robert Finn is the bishop of Kansas City and during a pilgrimage he took to Mary's house he was introduced to the Archbishop Franceschini. Franceschini later asked Bishop Finn to take up the cause due to the lack of resources and personnel in his own diocese.

Sister Marie was born into a noble family in 1837. However, she chose to give away all her possessions to join the Daughters of Charity.

While serving as superior of a naval hospital in Turkey she began working to identify the House of Mary in Ephesus.

The house is located in present-day Turkey, which according to tradition is where the Virgin Mary was taken by Saint John to live until her assumption.

According to predominant Christian tradition, Mary was brought to Ephesus by the Apostle John after the Resurrection of Christ and lived out her days there. This is based mainly on the traditional belief that John came to Ephesus (see St. John's Basilica) combined with the biblical statement that Jesus consigned her to John's care (John 19:26-27).

Archaeologists who have examined the building identified as the House of the Virgin believe most of the building dates from the 6th or 7th century. But its foundations are much older and may well date from the 1st century AD, the time of Mary. This site had long been a place of pilgrimage for local Orthodox Christians.

The modern history of the Virgin Mary's House is unusual. It was "discovered" in 1812 by a German nun, Sister Anne Catherine Emmerich, who never traveled away from her home.

Sister Emmerich, an invalid confined to bed, awoke in a trance with the stigmata and visions that included the Virgin Mary and Apostle John traveling from Jerusalem to Ephesus. She described Mary's house in detail, which was recorded at her bedside by a writer named Brentano.

Emmerich described a rectangular stone house, which John had built for Mary. It had a fireplace and an apse and a round back wall. The room next to the apse was Mary's bedroom, which had a spring running into it.

The German nun went on to say that the Virgin Mary died at the age of 64 and was buried in a cave near her house. When her coffin was opened soon after, however, the coffin and burial shroud were empty. The house was then turned into a chapel.

Years after Emmerich's visions, a French clergyman named Gouyet read Brentano's account and traveled to Ephesus to find the House of the Virgin. He found a house matching the nun's description and sent word to the bishops of Paris and Rome, but didn't receive much of a response.

On June 27, 1891, two Lazarist preists and two Catholic officials set out to Ephesus to see the house. They found a small chapel in ruins with a damaged statue of the Virgin.

They returned to Izmir with their report, and more priests and specialists were sent out to the site. Since 1892 the House of the Virgin has been a Catholic pilgrimage site. It was restored by 1897 and a shelter for visitors was set up.

The Meryama was later visited by Popes Paul VI and John Paul II, who confirmed its appropriateness as a place of pilgrimage. On November 29, 2006, Pope Benedict XVI celebrated mass here.

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    • Antonio Casali
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    • ZONE021 People's Stories
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