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How We Know Black Holes Exist

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Published on Jan 11, 2018

Thanks to the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) and Space Telescope Science Institute for supporting this video.

Support MinutePhysics on Patreon! http://www.patreon.com/minutephysics
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This video is about the astronomical amount of astronomical evidence for black holes, ranging from x-ray binaries with accretion disks, supermassive infrared-radiating galactic nuclei black holes, orbital characteristics of high mass binaries, and direct gravitational wave detection of inspiraling merging black hole binaries with LIGO. Yes, they're real.

REFERENCES

Interactive: Masses in the Stellar Graveyard https://ligo.northwestern.edu/media/m...

Galactic Center Orbital Models and Inner Stellar Distributions

Data provided by Andrea Ghez and Sylvana Yelda, UCLA (obtained with the Keck Telescopes)

Visualization by Stuart Levy and Robert Patterson, National Center for Supercomputing Applications, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

http://avl.ncsa.illinois.edu/astrophy...

Masses of observed black Holes:

https://stellarcollapse.org/bhmasses

Downloadable LIGO Data: https://losc.ligo.org/events/GW170817/

LIGO Neutron Star Binary Merger: http://www.astronomy.com/news/2017/10...

Masses of observed neutron stars: https://stellarcollapse.org/nsmasses

Cygnus X-1 X-ray binary Black Hole: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cygnus_...

Lecture notes on black holes: http://eagle.phys.utk.edu/guidry/astr...

Calvera isolated neutron star X-ray source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvera...)

Scientific American: pulsar that behaves like a black hole

https://www.scientificamerican.com/ar...

Largest known neutron star: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PSR_J03...

http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/simbad/sim...

Large Neutron Star: https://arxiv.org/abs/0712.0024

Wandering Black Hole: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/ch...

Sagittarius A* Black Hole Infrared emissions: https://arxiv.org/pdf/0911.4659.pdf

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Created by Henry Reich

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