What have been the implications of the Snowden leaks almost 3 years on? How has regulation around surveillance developed and what have been the technological responses? What has been the nature of public debate on the topic? And how do concerns with mass surveillance relate to broader questions of social and economic justice? Based on an 18-month research project into the implications of the Snowden leaks for policy, technology, civil society and news media, this presentation will discuss some of these questions and reflect on what this means for the meanings and practices of citizenship today.