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Uploaded on Sep 19, 2007
Success by dockworkers in the 1934 strike led to the establishment of the INTERNATIONAL LONGSHORE AND WAREHOUSE UNION, or ILWU. The union had to fight to hold on to their gains throughout the 1930s and 1940s. A major strike in 1948 led shippers to reorganize their own bargaining organization, and so was born the Pacific Maritime Association, or PMA, which was founded on the idea of a "New Look" in how the employers dealt with the ILWU. The cooperative spirit of the "New Look" lasted for more than 50 years on the Pacific Coast, a time of historic changes in how cargo was handled. In contract talks in 1999 and 2002, the PMA seemingly abandoned the "New Look," in favor of a confrontational approach. We'll see where the shippers go for the 2008 contract talks.