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Uploaded on Nov 19, 2011
Dashi s a class of soup and cooking stock, considered fundamental to Japanese cooking. Dashi forms the base for miso soup, clear broth, noodle broth, and many kinds of simmering liquid.
The most common form of dashi is a simple broth or stock made by heating water containing kombu (edible kelp) and kezurikatsuo (shavings of katsuobushi - preserved, fermented tuna) to near-boiling, then straining the resultant liquid.
Fresh dashi, made from dried kelp and katsuobushi, is rare today, even in Japan.Most people now use granulated or liquid instant substitutes.
Other kinds of dashi stock are made by soaking kelp, niboshi, or shiitake in water for many hours or by heating them in near-boiling water and straining the resulting broth.
Kombu dashi stock is made by soaking kelp in water. Niboshi dashi stock is made by pinching off the heads and entrails of small dried sardines, to prevent bitterness, and soaking the remains in water. Shiitake dashi stock is made by soaking dried shiitake mushrooms in water.