What is Augmented Reality and Why it emerges? - Sauli Kiviranta





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Published on Jun 10, 2013

This lecture introduces the "Kiviranta Framework" for supporting design of Augmented Reality systems.

The essence of the framework is that AR has to support one or several reasoning modalities: concrete, abstract, and/or transformational. The purpose of this framework is to help Augmented Reality adopters to gain a more structured understanding of the problems they are solving and what kind of value proposition their system has.

In the recent Augmented World Expo 2013, many of the key players in AR field debated whether Google Glass is AR solution at all, or if Meta 1 is the true AR system. This debate also revolved around work conducted by Steve Mann on the perceptual enhancements.


Following the framework, these AR systems have simply different emphasis on supporting "abstract", "concrete" or "transformational" reasoning modalities respectively. In other words, they are complementary rather than competitive or somehow mutually exclusive.

I would encourage the AR community to focus on studying what systems compositions can be used for what kind of purpose. Hopefully this framework will help people to concentrate on the relevant questions how this technology can be unleashed for greater good.

Material distributed after the lecture can be found here:
(VTT Impulse Magazine Pages 24-29 "The Unity of Human and Machine")

This lecture was given at 9th Joint European Summer School on Technology Enhanced Learning on 31.5.2013. Although the target audience for this lecture was students of Technology Enhanced Learning, the framework principles are applicable to VR/AR systems at large.

Author does not claim any copyright on the visual material as it was used purely for illustration purposes under the fair use for educational purposes. Opinions expressed in this lecture are those of the author and do not reflect official opinion of VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland.

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 under grant agreement 318329 "TELL ME"


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