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Musume Dojoji [The maiden at Dojo Temple]- Tamasaburo [FULL]. part 3

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Published on Oct 27, 2011

This dance-drama is a Kabuki adaptation of the famous Noh play "Dôjôji" and stil one of greatest dances of Kabuki theatre. Watching now to discover a part of Old Japanese culture.

Title: 京鹿子娘道成寺 - Kyôganoko Musume Dôjôji [The Maiden at Dojo Temple]
First performed: 1753 by Nakamura Tomijuro I
Actor: 坂東玉三郎- Bando Tamasaburo.

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There is a famous legend associated with Dojoji temple in Wakayama Prefecture. A priest named Anchin always stopped at the house of a certain man on his annual pilgrimage. This man had a daughter named Kiyohime, and jokingly, he told her that one day Anchin would become her husband. She believed her father and one night tried to join Anchin in bed, wondering when they would be married. Anchin fled, crossing the nearby Hidaka River and took refuge at Dojoji temple, where he hid under the temple bell. Kiyohime was gradually filled with a jealous fury and followed Anchin, but the river stopped her. Her rage turned her into a serpent, which easily crossed the river and coiled around the temple bell in a cloud of flames, destroying the bell and Anchin.
The legend was transformed into a famous Noh play that takes place after the events of the original legend. A new bell is about to be dedicated at Dojoji temple and the abbot of the temple instructs his servants that no women are to be allowed in the temple precincts. A woman appears who is a Shirabyoshi dancer who wants to dance for the dedication of the bell. Her dance is the highlight of the Noh play, but it consists largely of the unusual step called "ranbyoshi." The dancer moves his feet one by one to the side and to the front and each movement is made in tense coordination with the percussion players. Finally the dancer rushes at the bell, which falls around her. She is, in fact, the ghost of Kiyohime come to destroy the bell again. In the second half of the Noh play, she is revealed as a jealous demon and the spirit is driven away by the prayers of the abbot of the temple.
The Noh play was transformed into Kyo Kanoko, a dance featuring a beautiful young girl of the Edo in 1753 starring Nakamura Tomijuro I (1719 - 1786). But the story of Anchin and Kiyohime has almost disappeared. Instead, a few moments imitating the Noh play become an excuse for a series of colorful dances, all expressing the feelings of a young girl in love. In later performances, a prologue to the original dance was added which is a michiyuki travel scene. This is clearly narrative and describes Kiyohime's journey to Dojoji temple and today, the music is Gidayu narrative singing. Sometimes a concluding section is added where Kiyohime appears as a demonic spirit that is vanquished by a powerful aragoto hero.

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