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effects of the bit

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Uploaded on Nov 2, 2007

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4.1 A.Nevzorov (off screen): The key thing here is not to keep track of whether a horse has jumped over the "painted sticks" or not, but simply to look into its eyes and into its mouth to see the sufferings behind the glitter, to whip your attention from the action -- whether it has jumped over or not - to the horse itself that is not difficult to do.
4.2 A.Nevzorov (on screen): Well, here everything can be seen clearly. Here is the tongue. As you know, the tongue is a place where nerve endings and all kinds of different taste receptions are concentrated, it is a very sensitive part of the body. And you can see that, once the tongue is squeezed by the bit, it is not only jammed and pushed back, but it is also dragged back and stiffed into the horse's throat, in fact, the tongue is right there. Yes, yes, here is where you can see how far back into the throat it is stiffed through the action of human hands and the bit. Physiologists classify the kind of pain caused by ordinary bit as one of the strongest. Right now I'm going to explain to you what this nice young guy is doing. He is carrying out a procedure that in the language of sport in known under the name of "sawing". "Sawing" is the intense twitching of the position of the reins from one side to another compared to the movement of a saw. This sawing leads to the effect that on the toothless parts of the lower jaw, the bone which is covered with a very thin layer of mucous membrane starts to be damaged and even fractured.
Well, here everything can also be seen very clearly. Here is the snaffle, here is the horse's mouth. During the intense reining, during the so-called "sawing" , the central part of the snaffle not only sticks into the palate, gets hold of the tongue, jams it and stuffs it back into the throat, but it may fracture the teeth as well. Look closely at what is happening to the horse's head. As a result of the continuous beating of the bit on the jaw in the place where trigomenal nerves are located , the so-called clonic convulsion eventually develops. And on top of all, in sport they beat the horse. They beat it repeatedly, incessantly ,' from the heart', without rest. They beat it on the shoulders, on the croup , on the neck, on the eyes, on the head. It is beaten by professionals and amateurs, by elderly and young people and even children are taught to do the same. They teach that sadism to children, they teach them to beat a horse paralyzed with pain in the mouth, to beat it in such a way that it would "feel the pain" as the sportsmen put it. They tactfully call it "a punishment".
4.3 A.Nevzorov(off screen): For instance, during this competition, which was rather typical one, not a single sportsman was 'sent off with a foul' or removed for roughness or cruelty. Everything you see is not outrageous behavior but a norm. I want to notice that it was quite ordinary, official competition supported by the Russian Federation of Equestrian Sport. Here it is - the revenge of Yahoo -- long-expected and realized to the full. His dream and his hope! The beating is quite a common thing. Sportsmen beat the horse during training sessions to break its will and make it jump over those damned "painted sticks", they beat it before the competition to cheer it up, they beat it during the competition and after it to load it on the trailer to carry it away. It is worth listening to the confession of a sportswoman to realize the realities of equestrian sport to the full.

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