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Published on May 20, 2007
John Eliot Gardiner conducts the English Baroque Soloists and the Monteverdi Choir. This performance was filmed at the Palau de la Musica Catalana, Barcelona in Dec. 1991.
A Requiem Mass in the Roman Catholic tradition is a service designed to pray for the souls of the departed. The parts of the liturgy that are meant to be sung are what constitute all Requiem Mass compositions, including Mozart's.
The structure is as follows: 1. Introit 2. Kyrie 3. Sequence: a. Dies irae b. Tuba mirum c. Rex tremendae d. Recordare e. Confutatis f. Lacrimosa 4. Offertory: a. Domine Jesu Christe b. Hostias 5. Sanctus 6. Benedictus 7. Agnus Dei 8. Lux Aeterna
Mozart died before finishing the Requiem Mass, and his wife Constanze gave the task of finishing the work to a pupil of Mozart's named Süssmayr. From the Sanctus onward, the Requiem is the creation of Süssmayr, though he did use portions of the Introit and Kyrie for the Lux Aeterna.
Despite, or maybe partially because of, the controversy surrounding this Requiem Mass, it is widely regarded as Mozart's greatest masterpiece.
Below is the Latin and the English translation for the Tuba Mirum.
Bass: Tuba mirum spargens sonum The trumpet casts a wondrous sound Tuba mirum spargens sonum The trumpet casts a wondrous sound Per sepulcra regionum, Through the tombs all around, Coget omnes ante thronum. Surrounding the throne Coget omnes ante thronum. Surrounding the throne
Tenor: Mors stupebit et natura, Death is struck and nature quaking Cum resurget creatura, All creation is awaking Judicanti responsura. To its judge an answer making Liber scriptus proferetur, The written book shall be proffered In quo totum continetur, In which is contained all Unde mundus judicetur. From which the world is to be judged.
Alto: Judex ergo cum sedebit, When the Judge shall sit, Quidquid latet apparebit: Whatever is hidden shall be seen Nil inultum remanebit. Nothing shall remained unpunished.
Soprano: Quid sum miser tunc dicturus? What am I, wretched one, to say? Quem patronum rogaturus, What protector to implore, Cum vix justus sit securus? When even the just will scarcely be confident?
All Soloists: Cum vix justus sit securus? Justus sit securus? Cum vix justus vix justus sit securus?