Scythians Askuzai, Sarmatians, Huns: Ethnographic studies of ancient Türkic peoples/Central Asia





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Published on Jul 2, 2012

In the Bible, the name of Scythians sounds as "Ashkuzi", which is a slight Semite distortion of the name of a Turkic tribe "As-kishi".

By the words of Herodotos (484-­425 BC), Scythians thought that they were born in a deserted land from the first man called Targitaios, whose parents were a daughter of the river Dnieper (Borisphenes) and Scythian god of thunder corresponding to Greek Zeus. Targitaios had three sons: Lipoxaios, Arpaxaios and Kolaxaios. The first of them gave birth to Scythians Auchates, the second to Katiares, and the third to Parallates. Their common name was Scolotes. We can immediately see that all these names are definitely of the Turkic origin and can easily be explained on the basis of Karachai-Balkarian and other Turkic languages and dialects. The very word "Scolotes", evidently distorted by Ellines, sounded as "Skhilti" in the original language of Scythians, which refers to the upper strata of the society in Karachai-Balkarian.

The Turkic type of the Scythian-Sarmat language is testified by many names of Sarmat leaders mentioned by Roman historians Tacitus, Ammianus Marcellinus and others. The language of Scythians is known almost exclusively by the personal names, among which both Turkic and Iranian words are met. One cannot speak about Scythian language without an analysis of common nouns and special terms found in written sources, while the ancient authors keep complete silence on that. Nevertheless, the above-mentioned Turkic words, such as Targitaios, Kolaxaios, Lipoxaios, Arpaxaios, Skhilti and other speak that Scythians and Sarmats were Turkic tribes. Following Turkic examples could be added:

- Papai - the supreme god of Scythians, whose name means "elder" in Turkic languages.
- Api - Papai's wife; means "mother" in Turkic languages.
- Atei - Scythian king, whose name is a common Turkic word meaning "father".
- Eir - Scythian noun "man". Same meaning in Turkic: "eir", "er".
- Tagi - Scythian word "thread"; coincides with the same Turkic word.
- Jün - in Scythian and Turkic means "wool".
- Üshü, Ish - Scythian verb "feel cold". In Karachai-Balkarian and other Turkic languages with the same meaning: Üshü.

Even this short list of common words, ignored by many scythianologists before, the Turkic nature of Scythian language can be clearly seen.

Who were Kimmerians? It is easy to see that the word "Kam-er", or "Kim-er" is of typically Turkic origin, meaning "river man", just like the recent "Suv-ar", "Bulak-ar" ("Bolkar"), or earlier "Sub-ar", "Suv-ar" (which is the same as "Shum-er"). The alternation of the phonemes "sh" and "s" in many languages should not surprise anybody.

The Turkic elements in Sarmat culture and life is perfectly illustrated by the findings on Southern Bug, in the burials of I century. One of them was a little sculpture of a Sarmat sitting in the Asian manner, with crossed legs, in a quilted gown, with slanting eyes and flat nose.

The Scythian and Sarmat way of living and their culture manifests numerous Turkic elements. Scythian's breakfast and dinner were sour milk and cheese. These words coincide with the Karachai-Balkarian expression "Airan bla bishlak", describing their daily food. By the words of the I century author Plinius, Sarmats eat "raw flour mixed with mare milk".

THE HISTORY OF THE KARACHAI-BALKARIAN PEOPLE, by I. M. Miziyev, 1994, no. 1 (Jan-Feb), pp. 7-104, 206-213.

The scenario of Indo-European appropriation of Vedas and Aryans is mirrored in Indo-European appropriation of Scythians, Sarmatians, and other Türkic peoples, appropriation of Türkic Kurgan Culture, and appropriation of distinctly Türkic nomadism, abstract monotheism, military aptitude, and meat/dairy diet. Consequently, the mentioned in the ancient Chinese sources ethnonyms "Hu", "Di", "Guifang", "Tufang", "Rung", "Hun" and "Chile" were carriers of the Andronov cultures. From those Andronov communities in the 2nd millennium BC came the Arians. Hence, the Arians originated from the Türkic nomadic cattle husbandry tribes. The Scytho-Iranian theory, created and fanned by a coincidence of German racism and Russian national-imperialism, took hold and hardened in the Indo-European science to a status of axiom, any facts notwithstanding. It is outstanding that every link in the Iranian-Scythian theory is either a fraud or a blunder.

Further reading:

Scythians, Saka, Sarmats and Cimmerians:

Alans and Ases:

Scytho-Türkic Etymology:


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