There are thousands of Sudanese refugees in Israel, most of them seeking refuge from ongoing military conflicts in their home country of Sudan.
Because Sudan is defined by Israel as a "hostile state" their official status as refugees is still a highly disputed issue by Israeli authorities.
Only several hundred refugees (both Sudanese and Eritrean) have been officially recognized as refugees by the State of Israel.
In 2008 there were 4,000 Sudanese in Israel, of whom 1,200 were from Darfur and the rest are Christians from South Sudan.
The vast majority of them arrived to Israel through the Israeli-Egypt border.
Most live in Tel-Aviv, Arad, Eilat and Bnei Brak.
Conditions in Israel There are approximately 2,000 asylum seekers (from different countries) who are currently being held at various imprisonment facilities in Israel; 1,500 of these are being held at Ketziot Military Prison.
Approximately 13,000 asylum seekers are concentrated in Tel Aviv, Eilat, and Arad.
The remainder is dispersed in moshavim, kibbutzim, and cities.
The majority of asylum seekers are healthy young men, since otherwise they would have had difficulty surviving the protracted and harsh journey they have endured to reach Israel.
However, the population of asylum seekers also includes several hundred women and almost 2,000 children and minors.
Although their physical condition is fair, many of the asylum seekers suffer from trauma as the result of the severe experiences they have undergone prior to reaching Israel.
Reactions in Israel Meeting between Sudanese refugees and Israeli students, 2007
There are mixed reaction in Israel: there are demonstrations for both support refugees, and against them.
Unlike the authorities' unclear approach towards asylum seekers, Israeli NGOs support for this group has been clear and noteworthy.
Since the influx of asylum seekers crossing through Egypt, numerous Israeli NGOs and civil society have been actively involved in advocating for this group's rights, challenging government policies, placing the refugee issue issue on the political agenda, and providing social services such as shelter, food, and medical support.
However, the NGOs' determination and dedication to provide social services has to some degree permitted the Israeli government's inaction on the asylum issue.