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Warsaw Jewish Cemetery

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Published on Aug 27, 2019

Jewish Cemetery, Warsaw
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Warsaw Jewish CemeteryPowązki Jewish Cemetery in Warsaw - 26.jpg
Graves at Okopowa Street Jewish Cemetery.
Details
Established 1806
Location
Warsaw, Poland
Coordinates 52°14′51″N 20°58′29″ECoordinates: 52°14′51″N 20°58′29″E
Type Jewish cemetery
Size 33 ha
No. of graves 200,000-300,000[1]

The Warsaw Jewish Cemetery is one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe and in the world. Located on Warsaw's Okopowa Street and abutting the Christian Powązki Cemetery, the Jewish necropolis was established in 1806 and occupies 33 hectares (83 acres) of land. The cemetery contains over 250,000 marked graves[1], as well as mass graves of victims of the Warsaw Ghetto. Although the cemetery was closed down during World War II, after the war it was reopened and a small portion of it remains active, serving Warsaw's existing Jewish population.

As the necropolis was established to replace many smaller cemeteries closer to the city centre, it was designed to serve all Jewish communities of Warsaw, regardless of their affiliation. Hence, it is subdivided into several districts dubbed quarters (kwatery), historically reserved for various groups. Among them are three Orthodox (for men, women and one for holy scriptures), Reform Judaism, children, military and Warsaw Ghetto Uprising victims.

The cemetery, which has become a dense forest in the post-war period, is filled with monuments dedicated to notable personas such as politicians, spiritual leaders, inventors, economists and others. Many of the markers are simple, others are elaborately carved and richly decorated. Large mausoleums appear in styles ranging from Egyptian revival to Art Deco.
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