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Clase 16 E: El "past simple" - formas negativas e interrogativa.

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Published on Jun 24, 2013

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Exceptuando el verbo be, las formas negativas e interrogativas del 'Past Simple' se construyen de la misma manera que en el ´Present Simple', tanto para los verbos regulares como para los irregulares.



Estas formas del pasado se construyen con el verbo auxiliar do, pero en su forma de pasado did:



NEGATIVA



sujeto + did + not + infinitivo



I did not (didn´t) work

you did not (didn´t) work

he did not (didn´t) work

she did not (didn´t) work

it did not (didn´t) work

we did not (didn´t) work

you did not (didn´t) work

they did not (didn´t) work



He didn't work late last night. - (Él) no trabajó tarde anoche.

They didn't work in London in June. - No trabajaron en Londres en Junio.



INTERROGATIVA



did + sujeto + infinitivo



did I wait?

did you wait?

did he wait?

did she wait?

did it wait?

did we wait?

did you wait?

did they wait?



Did she wait at the bus stop? - ¿Esperó (ella) en la parade del autobús?



Did they wait for you at the station? - ¿Te esperaron en la estación?



Veamos unos ejemplos de preguntas con sus 'respuestas cortas', que utilizan did/didn't:



Did you go on holiday last year? - ¿Fuiste de vacaciones el año pasado?

Yes, I did. - Sí, fui.



Did Lisa go with you?- ¿Fue Lisa contigo?

No, she didn't. - No, no fue.

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