SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Learn English Tenses with Ranjna Vedhera for SuccessCDs Education Videos Grammar Simple Present Tense in daily use and our normal everyday activities. See Other Grammar Lessons here http://goo.gl/PfqtJ
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About this Video
Simple Present Tense and its uses
Simple Present uses the first form of the verb.
It is also called the infinitive without to
Examples: work, love, read, write etc.
If the subject is third person singular i.e. he, she, boy/girl, Meena Or Mohan, then 's' or 'es' is added to the 'root verb'.
First person I/We and second person 'You' (singular as well as plural) use the 'root verb' without any changes.
• I work hard.
• We work hard.
• You work hard
• You work hard.
• He/she works hard.
• They work hard.
The negative is formed with do not + verb (infinitive)
(In case of first and second person and plural subject)
I/We/You/ Boys/Girls do not work hard.
In case of third person, singular subject 'does not' is used.
He /She/Mohan/Seema does not work hard.
Interrogative or questions are formed by putting 'do' or 'does' before the subject.
Do I/you/we/they work hard?
Does he/she work hard?
Uses of Simple Present Tense - To describe a habit or routine action.
I brush my teeth twice daily.
My sister keeps her cupboard very tidy.
In exclamatory sentences, beginning with 'here' and 'there' to express the real happening at that moment
• Here comes the bride.
• There goes the ball.
To describe past or future events.
Simple Present Tense is also used in place of past tense.
In vivid storytelling, simple present sometimes substitutes for simple past.
Hanuman crosses the sea and meets Sita in Ashok Vatika.
To express a future plan or arrangement.
We leave for Agra next Monday.
It is used in quotations.
My mother says "Truth always wins in the end."
Shakespeare says " All the world's a stage."
Simple present tense is also used in case of certain verbs which are normally not used in continuous form, because it changes the meaning.
I see an aeroplane. I am seeing an aeroplane.
I believe in miracles. I am believing in miracles.
List of verb that uses simple present form
Verbs of perception: see, hear, smell, notice, feel etc.
Verbs like : seem, appear, look etc.
Verbs of emotion : want , wish, desire, like, love etc.
Verbs of thinking : Think, suppose, believe, agree etc.
Verbs of possession: own, possess, contain etc.
If these verbs are used in continuous form, their meaning changes
The simple present tense is mostly used with adverbs or adverb phrases.
Such as: usually, sometimes, often, always, never, daily, everyday, next month /next year / on Monday / on Tuesday etc.
• I go to church every Sunday.
• I visit my home town twice a year.
Exercise for practice ...
Find out what the verb in simple present indicates in the sentences.
1. The sun rises in the east. (Universal Truth)
2. I shall get in touch with you when I come back. (Time clause)
3. I hear a strange noise. (Verb of perception)
4. I want to be a doctor. (Verb of emotion)
5. I don't believe in short cuts. (Verb of thought)