How to distinguish between Northern and Southern Chinese





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Published on Nov 22, 2009

The concepts of northern and southern China originate from differences in climate, geography, culture, and physical traits; as well as several periods of actual political division in history. Northern China is too cold and dry for rice cultivation (though rice is grown there today with the aid of modern technology) and consists largely of flat plains, grasslands, and desert; while Southern China is warm and rainy enough for rice and consists of lush mountains cut by river valleys. Historically, these differences have led to differences in warfare during the pre-modern era, as cavalry could easily dominate the northern plains but encountered difficulties against river navies fielded in the south. There are also major differences in language, cuisine, culture, and popular entertainment forms. The largest human racial group consists of East Asians and includes Chinese, Japanese and most of the Koreans, Vietnamese and Filipinos. Most East Asians share certain physical characteristics, but the peoples of Southeast Asia are generally smaller, darker, and more slender than those typical EastAsians from Northern China and part of Japan. In fact, some people of South China espeically those from Hainan and part of Canton tend to resemble other Southeast Asians more than they do North Chinese.

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