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Published on May 1, 2007
John Eliot Gardiner conducts the English Baroque Soloists and the Monteverdi Choir. This performance was filmed at the Palau de la Musica Catalana, Barcelona in Dec. 1991.
A Requiem Mass in the Roman Catholic tradition is a service designed to pray for the souls of the departed. The parts of the liturgy that are meant to be sung are what constitute all Requiem Mass compositions, including Mozart's.
The structure is as follows: 1. Introit 2. Kyrie 3. Sequence: a. Dies irae b. Tuba mirum c. Rex tremendae d. Recordare e. Confutatis f. Lacrimosa 4. Offertory: a. Domine Jesu Christe b. Hostias 5. Sanctus 6. Benedictus 7. Agnus Dei 8. Lux Aeterna
Mozart died before finishing the Requiem Mass, and his wife Constanze gave the task of finishing the work to a pupil of Mozart's named Süssmayr. From the Sanctus onward, the Requiem is the creation of Süssmayr, though he did use portions of the Introit and Kyrie for the Lux Aeterna.
Despite, or maybe partially because of, the controversy surrounding this Requiem Mass, it is widely regarded as Mozart's greatest masterpiece.
Below is the Latin and the English translation for the Introit and Kyrie.
Requiem æternam dona eis, Domine Eternal rest grant unto them, Lord Requiem æternam dona eis Eternal rest grant unto them et lux perpetua and perpetual light et lux perpetua luceat and perpetual light shine luceat eis. shine on them.
Te decet hymnus Deus A hymn comes to you in Sion in Zion et tibi reddetur votum in Ierusalem. and to you a vow shall be repaid in Jerusalem. Exaudi Exaudi Exaudi Hear, hear, hear orationem meam my prayer ad te, ad te to you, to you omnis caro veniet. all flesh will come.
Requiem æternam dona eis, Requiem æternam dona eis, Domine et lux perpetua et lux perpetua et lux perpetua luceat eis. luceat eis.
Kyrie eleison, eleison. God have mercy. Kyrie eleison, eleison. Kyrie eleison, eleison. etc.
Christe eleison, eleison. Christ have mercy. Christe eleison, eleison. etc.