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Published on Aug 28, 2010

MaximsNewsNetwork: 28 August 2010 - UN CTBTO: MaximsNewsNetwork: 28 August 2010 -- CTBTO: Vienna, Austria - Sunday (29 August) will be the first observance of the International Day Against Nuclear Tests; the day, declared last year by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, is intended to focus international attention on the urgent need to reduce the threat of nuclear weapons to mankind and, ultimately, to free the world from nuclear weapons.

The Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) was set up in 1996 with its headquarters in Vienna, Austria. It is an interim organization tasked with building up the verification regime of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) in preparation for the Treaty's entry into force as well as promoting the Treaty's universality.

SOUNDBITE (English) Annika Thunborg, spokesperson, CTBTO:
"Today it is difficult to imagine that nuclear bombs went off all the time in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. Imagine that over 2000 nuclear bombs exploded in over sixty different locations. All over the world, affecting people, animals and land; Everywhere; In Islands in the Pacific, in the Arctic Ocean, in the Algerian desert, in inland Australia in North Western China in South Western United States; In what is today Kazakhstan, up in the Arctic ocean, everywhere on Earth." "In the bikini atoll in the Marshall Islands for example the whole eco system has been completely changed. The flora and fauna look completely different now than it did before the testing and people are not able to move back there due to the radioactivity." "It was finally in 1996 with the Comprehensive Nuclear Test- Ban- Treaty that nuclear testing came to an end. But the Treaty has not entered into force which means that the door to nuclear testing remains open and all this can come back to us if we don't close this door once and for all and put this legal instrument firmly in place. Erecting a firm barrier to any further nuclear weapons development."

SOUNDBITE (English) Selma Ashipala-Musavyi, chairperson CTBTO:
"It is important because it preserves peace. Before you use a nuclear weapon, you have to test it, to see whether it works or not. So this is the first step to preventing the use of nuclear weapons. And it is important to everybody, whether you are an African, a European, or a Latin-American or an Asian. As long as you are a human being on this Earth it is important." "I believe that the Treaty will enter into force. It's a matter of time. I think the decision by Indonesia which is an Annex 2 State to commence with the ratification process will create a momentum. Not only in Asia but I think in other parts of the world. But we need to work hard; we need not stop until the Treaty comes into force."

SOUNDBITE (English) Tibor Toth, Executive Secretary CTBTO:
"Nuclear weapons are too many, in too many hands, and they might end up in the hands of terrorists. It is important to close the door to nuclear weapon developments, and the Test-Ban-Treaty is part and parcel of this program. It is important that this goal has been stated but it's also more important that to act on it." "It's not coming from one source, it's coming from dozen of countries. So this type of information cannot be challenged because it's all inclusive data gathering, all inclusive data processing, and all inclusive data distribution."

SOUNDBITE (English) Nicolai Gestermann, Seismologist of the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources, Germany:
"Every earthquake or explosion generates waves that travel through the crust around the world, and we can record such waves with a seismometer like this one."

SOUNDBITE (English) Christian Boennemann, Head German National Data Centre, Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources:
"In 2006 and 2009 we detected two nuclear tests done by North Korea. And they traveled as far as eight-thousand kilometers but these stations are so sensitive that we get very good seismograms which identified these tests as real nuclear explosions and for us it became clear were not earthquakes."
....... MaximsNewsNetwork: See: http://www.MaximsNews.com.


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