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Logic 101: Introducing Basic Inductive and Deductive Arguments

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Published on Apr 15, 2010

I Introduce the basics on what constitutes "inductive arguments" and deductive arguments" as part 1 of my introduction to logic and argumentation series.


Key Points:

*A deductive argument is intended to provide absolute and conclusive support for its conclusion.

*A deductive argument that succeeds in providing conclusive support for its conclusion is said to be valid. A valid argument is such that if all its premises are true, the conclusion must be true.

*A deductively valid argument with true premises is said to be sound.

*An inductive argument that succeeds in providing probable support for its conclusion is said to be strong. A strong argument is such that if its premises are true, its conclusion is probably true.

*An inductively strong argument with true premises is said to be cogent.

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