From '' Nebula One ''
Label: Tivertone Records -- none
Format: CD, Album
01. Nebula One
02. Steel Pier
03. Green Room
05. Tucos Lament
06. Rhino Chaser
07. 57 Fury
08. Spandito Bandito
09. High Tide
10. Czech Yer Aktion
13. Surf Party
14. Swan Lake
Swan Lake (Russian: Лебединое озеро, Lebedinoye ozero) is a ballet, op. 20, by Pyotr Tchaikovsky, composed 1875--1876.
The scenario, initially in four acts, was fashioned from Russian folk tales.
It tells the story of Odette, a princess turned into a swan by an evil sorcerer's curse.
The choreographer of the original production was Julius Reisinger.
The ballet received its premiere on February 20 [O.S. March 4] 1877, at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow as The Lake of the Swans.
Although it is presented in many different versions, most ballet companies base their stagings both choreographically and musically on the 1895 revival of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, first staged for the Imperial Ballet on January 15, 1895, at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia. For this revival, Tchaikovsky's score was revised by the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatre's chief conductor and composer Riccardo Drigo.
Tchaikovsky's excitement with Swan Lake is evident based on the quick speed with which he composed.
Commissioned in the spring of 1875, the piece was created within one full year, however from Tchaikovsky's letters to Sergei Taneyev from August 1875, it was not only his excitement which compelled Tchaikovsky to create it so rapidly, but his wish to finish it as soon as possible, so as to allow him to start on an opera. Respectively, he created scores of the first three numbers of the ballet, then the orchestration in the fall and winter, and was still struggling with the instrumentation in the spring.
By April 1876, the work was fully completed. Judging upon Tchaikovsky's mention of a draft, the presence of some sort of abstract would be plausible. However, no such draft has ever been seen.
Tchaikovsky wrote various letters to friends expressing his longstanding desire to work with this type of music, and his excitement concerning his current stimulating, albeit laborious task.
Swan Lake is scored for the typical late 19th-century large orchestra:
Strings: violins I and II; violas, violoncellos; double basses
Woodwinds: piccolo; 2 flutes; 2 oboes; 2 clarinets in B♭, A and C; 2 bassoons
Brass: 4 horns in F; 2 cornets in A and B♭; 2 trumpets in F, D, and E; 3 trombones (2 tenor, 1 bass); tuba
Percussion: timpani; snare drum; cymbals; bass drum; triangle; tambourine; castanets; tam-tam; glockenspiel
The 1990 LucasArts adventure game Loom used a major portion of the Swan Lake suite for its audio track, as well as incorporating a major swan theme into the storyline. It otherwise bore no resemblance to the original ballet.
In Radio City Christmas Spectacular, The Rockettes do a short homage to Swan Lake during the performance of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Rock and Dance Version), with the line "Seven Swans A-Swimming."
Billy Elliot the Musical incorporates the most famous section of Swan Lake in a dance number, in which the main character dances while shadowed by his future, adult self.
The 2002 anime Princess Tutu (2002) frequently alludes to Swan Lake.
In the second season of the anime Kaleido Star, a circus adaptation of Swan Lake becomes one of the Kaleido Stage's most important and successful shows.
In the Japanese tokusatsu show Kamen Rider Den-O, the main protagonist has the ability to take different forms, based on the "imagin" that possess him. One of the imagin, known as Sieg, is analogous to the legend of Swan Lake.
In Episode 213 of The Muppet Show, Rudolf Nureyev performs "Swine Lake" with a giant ballerina pig.
Swan Lake was heard in two episodes of the Playhouse Disney series Little Einsteins.
1954, Antal Doráti (conductor), Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra (first complete recording, available only in mono)
1975 (approx.), Andre Previn (conductor), London Symphony Orchestra
1982, John Lanchbery (conductor), Philharmonia Orchestra
1988, Yevgeny Svetlanov (conductor), Russian State Symphony Orchestra
1990, Michael Tilson Thomas (conductor), London Symphony Orchestra
1992, Charles Dutoit (conductor), Montreal Symphony Orchestra
2006, Valery Gergiev (conductor), Orchestra of the Mariinsky Theatre