Course Description: on't burn the Bolognese sauce!—Although it will be relatively easy to clean the outer layers, the deeper embedded burns will be extremely difficult to clean. This metaphor can be used to describe the challenges of conducting a thorough environmental cleanup of a contaminated site. In this CLE program, James Periconi and Andrew Lent provide their legal and technical expertise on CP-51: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's ("DEC") Guidance on Soil Cleanup. Mr. Periconi and Mr. Lent discuss the history of the DEC's struggles with creating standards for environmental cleanup, as well as the Soil Cleanup Objectives ("SCO") and overlays that have been established based on the intended use of property. They then discuss the institutional controls (environmental easements, deed restrictions, environmental notices) that are used to enforce restrictions on the use of real property. Mr. Periconi and Mr. Lent conclude their presentation with a step-by-step approach to deriving SCOs and helpful hypothetical examples. This informative course is a must-see for New York environmental lawyers.