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Published on Jan 14, 2011
Discovery Information Who: Axel Cronstedt When: 1751 Where: Sweden
Name Origin German: kupfernickel (false copper); nickel (satan). "Nickel" in different languages.
Sources Chiefly found in limonite (Fe,Ni)O(OH), garnierite (Ni,Mg)3Si2O5(OH) and pentlandite [(Ni,Fe)9S8] ore. It is also found in magmatic sulfide deposits where the principal ore mineral is pentlandite, (Ni, Fe)9S8. Primary producers are Russia, South Africa, Australia, New Caledonia, Cuba, Indonesia, the USA and Canada. Over 1.3 millions tons are produced annually. Uses Used mainly in metal alloys because of its resistance to corrosion. Also in nickel-cadmium batteries, as a catalyst, a green tint in glass, electroplating and for coins. Nickel consumption can be summarized as: nickel steels (60%), nickel-copper alloys and nickel silver (14%), malleable nickel, nickel clad and Inconel (9%), plating (6%), nickel cast irons (3%), heat and electric resistance alloys (3%), nickel brasses and bronzes (2%), others (3%).