Québec History 19 - The Patriots Rebellion 1837





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Uploaded on Aug 3, 2009

Québec a Nation History Part 19

The Patriots Rebellion of Lower Canada (Québec)

The Lower Canada Rebellion, La rébellion du Bas-Canada, is the name given to the armed conflict between the rebels of Lower Canada (now Québec) and the British colonial power of that province.

Battle of Saint-Denis

On November 23, 1837, three hundred British from the 24th, 32nd and 66th Regiments, under the command of Colonel Charles Gore, marched into the Richelieu Valley. They expected to make quick work of the rebels. Opposing the British was a Patriote force of 800 led by Dr. Wolfred Nelson.

In the early hours of the morning, Gore arrived at the village of St. Denis with his troops. They were caught off guard when a group of Patriotes ran out of a house and opened fire on them from behind a barricade that was blocking the road. The British charged the barricade and the Patriotes withdrew behind the safety of a stone wall. The two sides continued to exchange fire for several hours.

After the rejection of demands for reform, a series of public meetings by the leaders of the Patriot Party inflame passions during the summer of 1837. They culminate in an assembly at Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu on October 23. The clashes began on 6 November by a firefight between the Loyalist and the Sons of Liberty. There were three major confrontation in Saint-Denis, St. Charles and St. Eustache. The Patriots managed to defeat the British troops at Saint-Denis on 23 November but little trained and poorly equipped rebel forces did not match the British colonial military forces more numerous and better prepared. Thus, the rebels were defeated on 25 November in St. Charles and December 14 in Saint-Eustache. Members of the patriot party, political party democratically elected by the people, declared Québec (Lower Canada) a independent Republic on 22 February 1838. Martial law was declared, there were hundreds of arrests, several patriots were hanged, some patriots fled to the United States, others were deported to Australia.

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