The Holy Quran 105. Surah Al-Fil (The Elephant) Arabic and English translation and transliteration
Period of Revelation Mecca
Introduction This surah describes the incidents of the Year of the Elephant, the year when Muhammad was born. It forms a pair with the following surah, Surat Quraysh, reminding the Quraysh tribe who dominated Mecca of the favors that Allah had bestowed on them. The Kaaba was central to the life of Quraysh, being a center of pilgrimage which brought much trade and prestige; Surah al-Fil describes how God saved the Ka'aba from destruction, while Surat Quraysh describes God as Lord of that Kaaba and urges Quraysh to worship Him so that, among other things, He should protect them on their trading journeys. This Surah discusses how the people of the elephant were destroyed (the leader of the people of the Elephant was Sultan Abraha) because of their plotting against the Ka'aba. Allah sent birds against these people, and these birds destroyed them as well as the elephants they had brought for their task. These birds threw many, many stones of baked clay at the elephants and the people, which led to their stoppage. This story emphasizes the power of Allah against whom no plot can win.
**Note on the Arabic text** While every effort has been made for the Arabic text to be correct, it has been copied from Quran.com's text and therefore some letters might look different due to the font change. I recommend for accurate Arabic letters you refer to Quran.com.