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Published on Sep 23, 2012
Jindřich Štyrský (11 August 1899, Čermná u Kyšperka -- 21 March 1942, Prague) was a Czech Surrealist painter, poet, editor, photographer, and graphic artist.
His outstanding and varied oeuvre included numerous book covers and illustrations. He also wrote studies of both Arthur Rimbaud and Marquis de Sade. Along with his artistic partner Toyen (Marie Čermínová), he became a member of Devětsil in 1923, participating in their group exhibitions. He and Toyen also exhibited in Paris in the late 1920s, where they founded their own movement, Artificialism. Between 1928 and 1929 he was designer for the group's drama wing, the Osvobozené divadlo, where he collaborated with Vítězslav Nezval and others. Štyrský was also an active editor. In addition to his Edition 69 series, he edited the Erotická revue, which he launched in 1930, and Odeon, where many of his shorter texts appeared. He was a founding member of The Surrealist Group of Czechoslovakia. Born in Lower Čermná, where he spent his childhood. But in 1905 ruined the death of his half-sister, with whom had a very strong relationship. This loss greatly affected his later life and artistic creation. He studied first school in Hradec Kralove, then the Prague Academy of Fine Arts. He was very active in the art world, since 1923 was a member Devětsil, in the years 1932 - 1942 member of the Fine Artists Association. His early artistic work was partly under the influence of Cubism, the main style for him but later became surrelismus. During the summer residence in 1922, he met with Mary Cermínová (1902--1980), who later began using the pseudonym Toyen.
As an artistic pair closely. Together they became members in the years 1925-1928 Devětsil lived in Paris. There have also established their own direction, the Czech surrealism - Artificialism (transition between Surrealism and poetics / bridge between reality and abstraction). After returning to Prague he was head of the expedition Liberated Theatre. In 1934, with Toyen, Bohuslav Brouk, Vitezslav Nezval, and Karel Teige he co-founded the Surrealist Group of Czechoslovakia in Prague. At the invitation of the Parisian Surrealists in 1935 went again to Paris. There Styrsky became seriously ill, probably the same heart condition as his sister. From there, during his stay only temporarily recovered. "My eyes are still necessary to throwing food. Swallowed it greedily and brutally. A night spent in her sleep, "he wrote four years before his death, Henry Styria and hit his constant need to create, which I had carried away. He died in 1942 in Prague. (fromm Wikipedia)