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[CHINA destroy a TIBET Monastery]チベット最大の寺院、中国武装警察の主導で破壊される映像

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Published on Apr 18, 2008

BLITZ ON TIBETAN ENCAMPMENT

Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok was born in extraordinarily auspicious circumstances in 1933 and was recognised as an incarnation of the treasure revealer Lerab Lingpa (1856-1926). He is one of the three contemporary incarnations of Lerab Lingpa, of whom Sogyal Rinpoche is also an incarnation.
In the worst times of the Cultural Revolution Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok (known locally as Khenpo Jigphun) avoided arrest and torture. He continued his religious activities in remote areas and survived the social and political turbulence of the period. Then, after the Cultural Revolution, a period of liberalisation began. So in 1985 Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok applied for and received official permission to open an academy, which he registered as a teaching institute in order to avoid the strict regulations that Chinese officials placed on monasteries.

His reputation had already spread far beyond eastern Tibet, and monks, nuns and lay practitioners of all lineages flocked to the academy called Larung Gar and settled in small log cabins there. By 1999 over 7,000 monks, nuns and lay practitioners were being taught Buddhist philosophy in a non-sectarian environment, free to come and go without any formal process of acceptance, as long as they respected the monastic rules set up by Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok. Now, tragically, it appears that this renaissance in eastern Tibet is severely threatened, as the following news agency report reveals.

Washington, 20 June 2001 (ICT) - Officials from Beijing and Chengdu have ordered thousands of monks and nuns to leave a massive monastic encampment in eastern Tibet, according to several eyewitness sources. As monks and nuns leave, their residences are being destroyed to prevent them or others from returning and inhabiting the sprawling complex. The confrontation has been building for weeks and higher-level officials from Beijing have been called in to oversee the expulsions and demolition. The monastic community known as Larung Gar near the town of Serta is the largest concentration of monks and nuns anywhere on the Tibetan plateau.

Larung Gar is a monastic encampment, not a monastery, and its inhabitants have come of their own accord based on Larung Gar's reputation that has spread by word of mouth. Moreover, its monks and nuns from all areas of Tibet and China form a loose-knit community where students have to provide for themselves and are not under the formal control of any abbot. However, students have been drawn by a charismatic teacher, Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok, who established Larung Gar more than a decade ago as a ritro, or mountain hermitage, with only a few students. Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok and other lamas lead a traditional curriculum of Buddhist study, teaching in both Tibetan and Mandarin.
The encampment is believed to have between 7,000 and 8,000 monks and nuns, of which nearly 1,000 are Chinese. A majority of the inhabitants are nuns. Often the Tibetans who come to this remote area study for a limited period of time before returning to their home monastery to teach others. Larung Gar is a place where "the sacred landscape of Tibet was being revived" and is a "marked contrast to the alienated state in which institutionalised Buddhism finds itself in many parts of Tibet", according to the 1998 book Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet. Because of the unique opportunity to receive a comprehensive Buddhist education, Larung Gar is one of the few places on the Tibetan plateau that is attracting students.

The Chinese government authorities who arrived recently are trying to enforce a ceiling of 1,400 monks and nuns. Previous attempts by government cadres to reduce the numbers of students at Larung Gar have proved largely unsuccessful. During these attempts by local authorities, Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok reportedly called on the authorities to "safeguard the people's religious belief" which is guaranteed in China's constitution. There is no reported political "splittist" activity at Larung Gar.


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五明佛学院


1989年以降
中国政府がチベットでおこなっている宗教弾圧は
被害者の証言しかなく、証拠映像が全くなかった中、
今回持ち出された映像は、
中国による人権宗教への弾圧の貴重な新しい証拠になるものと言えると思います。

2001年、
東チベット、四川省甘孜州色達県にある
チベット仏教最大の寺院、「五明佛学院」が
公安、武装警察の主導によって撤去、破壊されました。
(チベット語での寺院名、「ラルン・ガル・ゴンパ」)

事件直後のチベットを私が訪れていた際に
事件当日の様子を撮影していた高僧から接触があり
「海外の報道機関に渡してチベットでの宗教弾圧の実情を世界に公表してほしい」と
映像を譲り受け、日本に持ちかえりました。

四川省甘孜州色達県に五明佛学院というチベット仏教の世界最大の寺院がある。
東チベットを中心にチベット人に強く支持されるジグメ・プンツォク僧院長は強いカリスマ性を持ち
1万人を越える僧が彼のもとこの寺院で学んでいた。

2001年5月、
寺院の影響力を恐れた中国当局によって、
公安、武装警察、漢族の作業員が派遣され、
警察の監視のなか 作業員によって寺院の僧坊が破壊された。
佛学院の僧たちが結束して警察たちの活動を阻止しようとしたため衝突が発生し、
警察側が発砲したというが、
今のところ、警察官一人が負傷、
僧侶や尼僧に負傷者が出たという情報はない。
推定2000戸の僧坊が破壊され、
8000人以上の僧が寺院から強制退去させられた。
事件後、僧の抗議の自殺が相次いだ。

ジグメ・プンツォク僧院長は病気を理由に陸軍病院に強制入院させられた。

2004年1月、
僧院長は強制入院させられた四川省成都の陸軍病院内で死亡した。
心臓手術の直後に死亡したためチベット人の間では暗殺説が唱えられている。




映像の原本は約60分、
警察監視の中、危険な状況で撮影しているため手ぶれ部分が多く、
見やすい、重要、と思われる部分のみにしぼって編集しました。

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