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Published on Aug 14, 2008
Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax most commonly occurs in wild and domestic animals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes, and other herbivores. But it can also occur in humans when they are exposed to infected animals or tissue from infected animals. Anthrax has also been developed as a biological weapon by many nations, including Japan, Germany, Great Britain, United States and Russia. Shortly after the attacks of September 11, 2001, a series of letters were mailed anonymously to several news media companies and government officials in the United States. The letters contained a high-grade, finely textured version of anthrax later identified as identical to the Ames strain. An epidemic ensued in which 22 individuals were sickened by the anthrax bacteria. Five people died from inhalation anthrax. For more information on the weaponization of anthrax, go to http://www.gwu.edu/~cih/anthraxinfo/p... . For more information on anthrax disease, go to the World Health Organization (WHO) at http://www.who.int/csr/disease/Anthra... or the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/dfbmd/disea... . This was clipped from the 2002 USEPA video, Anthrax Remediating the Effects of Bioterrorism.