Pre-Raphaelites Painters





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Published on Jan 16, 2009

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The Pre-Raphaelites
Between 1825 and 1860, life in England underwent profound changes as a result of the Industrial Revolution. In a country soon to be transformed by coal and steel production and its peripheral side effects of poverty and pollution, the luminous, sharply focused paintings of the Pre-Raphaelites provided a form of escape. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed in 1848 by William Holman Hunt (1827-1910), Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-82), and John Everett Millais (1829-96). They were later joined by others, including Ford Madox Brown (1821-93) and Edward Coley Burne-Jones (1833-98). They initially signed their works with the initials PRB, causing much controversy and scandal. The champion of the movement, however, was writer and critic John Ruskin (1819-1900). who. in addition to promoting the Gothic style, helped to reinforce the group's sense of moral commitment and social awareness. He envisaged art as a means of saving the human race and fulfilling the most important human aspirations. In contrast to the pretence and artifice of academic painting, Pre-Raphaelite art looked afresh at techniques used by artists before the time of Raphael. Studying nature in detail to rediscover its inner meaning, the Brotherhood sought to communicate with the forgotten sources of spirituality. However, the early purity of spirit was later lost.

A Irmandade Pré-Rafaelita (Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood ou PRB em inglês), também Fraternidade Pré-Rafaelita ou, simplesmente, Pré-Rafaelitas, foi um grupo artístico fundado em Inglaterra em 1848 por Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Holman Hunt e John Everett Millais e dedicado principlamente à pintura. Este grupo, organizado ao modo de uma confraria medieval, surge como reacção à arte académica inglesa que seguia os moldes dos artistas clássicos do Renascimento. Inseridos no espírito revivalista romântico da época, os pré-rafaelitas desejam devolver à arte a sua pureza e honestidade anteriores, que consideram existir na arte medieval do Gótico final e Renascimento inicial (Proto-Renascimento). Ao se auto-denominarem pré-rafaelitas realçam o facto de se inspirarem na arte anterior a Rafael, artista que tanto influencia a academia inglesa e que é consequentemente criticado pelos pré-rafaelitas. A influenciar este grupo vão estar também os Nazarenos, uma confraria de pintores alemães que, no início do século XIX, se estabelece em Roma e tem como objectivo repor a arte paleocristã.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood:
William Holman Hunt
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
John Everett Millais
Ford Madox Brown
Edward Coley Burne-Jones
Arthur Hughes
Edward Robert Hughes
John William Waterhouse
Thomas Cooper Gotch
Charles Lock Eastlake
John Ruskin
Mary Macomber
Informacion en español:

Video edting by Gil Carósio
Music by vangelis (Memories of Blue, Siren's Whispering)

Honors for this video (3) 18-01-2009

#61 - Most Discussed (Today) - Education
#46 - Most Viewed (Today) - Education - Brazil
#84 - Top Rated (Today) - Education

Honors for this video (3) 30-01-2009
#4 - Most Discussed (This Month) - Education - Brazil
#15 - Top Favorited (This Month) - Education - Brazil
#2 - Top Rated (This Month) - Education - Brazil

Honors for this video (3) 03-02-2009
#2 - Most Discussed (This Month) - Education - Brazil
#13 - Top Favorited (This Month) - Education - Brazil
#2 - Top Rated (This Month) - Education - Brazil


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