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Published on May 27, 2011
Gender differences in depression in 23 European countries. Cross-national variation in the gender gap in depression Sarah Van de Velde, Piet Bracke and Katia Levecque
While the gender gap in depression is well-established, comparative research on the topic is still scarce. In the current study, we examine depression among men and women aged 18-75 in 23 European countries. Our results indicate that women report higher levels of depression than men do in all countries, but there is significant cross-national variation in this gender gap. Gender differences in depression are largest in some of the Eastern and Southern European countries and smallest in Ireland, Slovakia and some Nordic countries. While both socioeconomic and family-related factors moderate the relationship between gender and depression, the first have the strongest association with depression in both men and women in the majority of countries.