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Published on Mar 23, 2010
This video introduces the notion of what we called "graspable" user interfaces. More recently, these have also been called "props based" or "tangible" interfaces. It is a style of UI in which key components are manifest in graspable physical props whose physical form relates to their function.
The tape shows the use of rapid prototyping / sketching interaction to explore the concept. It is also notable in that it used one of the early table-top systems, the Active Desk developed at the University of Toronto, that are now becoming more common - such as with Microsoft Surface.
This work was undertaken by George Fitzmaurice, William (Bill) Buxton, and Hiroshi Ishii as part of the Input Research Group (IRG) at the University of Toronto, as well as additional work at Alias Research, Toronto.
Refs: Fitzmaurice, G.W., Ishii, H. & Buxton, W. (1995). Bricks: Laying the Foundations for Graspable User Interfaces Proceedings of CHI'95, 442-449.
Fitzmaurice, G., & Buxton, W. (1997). An Empirical Evaluation of Graspable User Interfaces: towards specialized, space-multiplexed input. Proceedings of the ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'97).New York: ACM, 43-50.