Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan used the power vacuum after the 1917 revolution in Russia and after the collapse of the Central Powers in 1918 to gain their independence. But the Caucasus region was of vital strategic importance to the new Russian regime, to the British and to the Turks.
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De Waal, Thomas. The Caucasus (Oxford University Press, 2010).
Engelstein, Laura. Russia in Flames (Oxford University Press, 2017).
Figes, Orlando. A People’s Tragedy. The Russian Revolution (London: The Bodley Head, 2017 ).
Goyushov, Altay: Azerbaijan, in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin 2016-03-31.
Opolot Okia, “The Northey Forced Labor Crisis, 1920-1921": A Symptomatic Reading in The International Journal of African Historical Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2 (2008): 263-293.
Mawdsley, Evan. The Russian Civil War (New York: Pegasus Books, 2005).
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